List of counties in Maine

Wikimedia list article

There are 16 counties in the U.S. state of Maine

Map of Maine's counties
FIPS code[1] Seat[2] Established[2] Origin Meaning of name Population
Area[2][4] Map
Androscoggin County 001 Auburn 1854 From parts of Cumberland County, Kennebec County, and Lincoln County The Androscoggin Native American tribe. 111,139 497 sq mi
(1,287 km2)
Aroostook County 003 Houlton 1839 From parts of Penobscot County, and Washington County A Mi'kmaq word meaning beautiful river. 67,105 6,829 sq mi
(17,687 km2)
Cumberland County 005 Portland 1761 As Cumberland County, Massachusetts from part of York County Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, son of George II of Great Britain. 303,069 1,217 sq mi
(3,152 km2)
Franklin County 007 Farmington 1838 From parts of Kennebec County, Oxford County, and Somerset County Benjamin Franklin, the Founding Father, scientist, printer, and diplomat. 29,456 1,744 sq mi
(4,517 km2)
Hancock County 009 Ellsworth 1790 As Hancock County, Massachusetts, from part of Lincoln County John Hancock (1737–1793), the Founding Father and president of the convention that produced the United States Declaration of Independence. 55,478 2,351 sq mi
(6,089 km2)
Kennebec County 011 Augusta 1799 As Kennebec County, Massachusetts from part of Lincoln County The Kennebec River in Maine. 123,642 951 sq mi
(2,463 km2)
Knox County 013 Rockland 1860 From parts of Lincoln County and Waldo County Henry Knox (1750–1806), the first United States Secretary of War (1789 - 1794), who lived in Thomaston, Maine. 40,607 1,142 sq mi
(2,958 km2)
Lincoln County 015 Wiscasset 1760 As Lincoln County, Massachusetts from part of York County The city of Lincoln, England. 35,237 700 sq mi
(1,813 km2)
Oxford County 017 Paris 1805 As Oxford County, Massachusetts from parts of Cumberland County and York County Probably named for Oxford, Massachusetts. 57,777 2,175 sq mi
(5,633 km2)
Penobscot County 019 Bangor 1816 As Penobscot County, Massachusetts from part of Hancock County The Penobscot Native American tribe. 152,199 3,556 sq mi
(9,210 km2)
Piscataquis County 021 Dover-Foxcroft 1838 From parts of Penobscot County and Somerset County An Abenaki word meaning rapid waters. 16,800 4,377 sq mi
(11,336 km2)
Sagadahoc County 023 Bath 1854 From part of Lincoln County A Abenaki word meaning mouth of big river. 36,699 370 sq mi
(958 km2)
Somerset County 025 Skowhegan 1809 As Somerset County, Massachusetts from parts of Kennebec County The county of Somerset in England. 50,477 4,095 sq mi
(10,606 km2)
Waldo County 027 Belfast 1827 From parts of Hancock County, Kennebec County and Lincoln County Samuel Waldo, Maine landowner and a colonial soldier in the 1745 siege of Louisbourg. 39,607 853 sq mi
(2,209 km2)
Washington County 029 Machias 1790 As Washington County, Massachusetts from part of Lincoln County George Washington, the first President of the United States. 31,095 3,255 sq mi
(8,430 km2)
York County 031 Alfred 1652 As Yorkshire County, Massachusetts from the southern part of the District of Maine. Renamed York County by Massachusetts in 1668 York, England, the birthplace of Christopher Levett who first attempted to settle the area. 211,972 1,271 sq mi
(3,292 km2)

A song is taught to many elementary school children across the state, entitled the Maine County Song, to aid in memorizing the names of the state's 16 counties. It is sung to the tune of Yankee Doodle.

Sixteen counties has our state
Cumberland and Franklin
Piscataquis and Kennebec
Oxford, Androscoggin
Waldo, Washington, and York
Lincoln, Knox, and Hancock
Sagadahoc and Somerset
Aroostook and Penobscot[5]

An alternate version as put forth by the Maine Secretary of State's Kids' Page:

The sixteen counties in our state
Are Cumberland and Franklin
Piscataquis and Somerset
Aroostook, Androscoggin
Sagadahoc and Kennebec
Lincoln, Knox and Hancock
Waldo, Washington and York
Oxford and Penobscot[6]

However the traditional version is:

Sixteen counties in our state
are Cumberland and Franklin
Waldo York Piscataquis
Oxford and Androscoggin
Washington and Somerset
Lincoln Knox and Hancock
Kennebec Sagadahoc
Aroostook and Penobscot


  1. "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 National Association of Counties. "NACo County Explorer". Retrieved 2015-10-25.
  3. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Maine".
  4. "Maine QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". State & County QuickFacts. Archived from the original on 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  5. "16 counties fit nicely in 'Yankee Doodle'". Archived from the original on 2012-07-27. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
  6. "Secretary of State Kid's Page (Home)". Archived from the original on 2009-05-06. Retrieved 2012-03-25.