List of heads of state of Nigeria

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This is a list of the heads of state of Nigeria, from independence in 1960 to the present day. The President of Nigeria is the current head of state and government.[1]

Monarchy (1960–1963)Edit

MonarchEdit

Queen Reign Royal House Prime Minister
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Start End Duration
1   Elizabeth II
(born 1926)
1 October 1960 1 October 1963 3 years Windsor Abubakar Tafawa Balewa

Governor-General

Governor-General Term of office Monarch Prime Minister
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Sir James Robertson
(1899–1983)
1 October 1960 16 November 1960 46 days Elizabeth II Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
(1912–1966)
2 Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe
(1904–1996)
16 November 1960 1 October 1963 2 years, 319 days Elizabeth II Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
(1912–1966)

Republic (1963–present)Edit

First Republic (1963–1966)Edit

President Term of office Political party Prime Minister
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe
(1904–1996)
1 October 1963 16 January 1966 2 years, 107 days National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
(1912–1966)

Military Government (1966–1979)Edit

Head of state Term of office Military
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
2 Major General
Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi
(1924–1966)
16 January 1966 29 July 1966
(assassinated.)
194 days Federal Military Government
3   General
Yakubu Gowon
(born 1934)
1 August 1966 29 July 1975
(deposed.)
8 years, 362 days Federal Military Government
4 General
Murtala Mohammed
(1938–1976)
29 July 1975 13 February 1976
(assassinated.)
199 days Federal Military Government
5   Major General
Olusegun Obasanjo
(born 1937)
13 February 1976 1 October 1979
(resigned.)
3 years, 258 days Federal Military Government

Second Republic (1979–1983)Edit

President Elected Term of office Political party
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
6   Alhaji Shehu Shagari
(1925–2018)
1979
1983
1 October 1979 31 December 1983
(deposed.)
4 years, 91 days National Party of Nigeria

Military Government (1983–1993)Edit

Head of state/

President

Term of office Military
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
7   Major General
Muhammadu Buhari
(born 1942)
31 December 1983 27 August 1985
(deposed.)
1 year, 239 days Supreme Military Council
8   General
Ibrahim Babangida
(born 1941)
27 August 1985 26 August 1993
(resigned.)
7 years, 364 days Armed Forces Ruling Council

Interim National Government (1993)Edit

Interim Head of State Term of office Political party
(at time of start of term)
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
9   Chief Ernest Shonekan
(1936–2022)
26 August 1993 17 November 1993
(deposed.)
83 days Independent

Military Government (1993–1999)Edit

Head of state Term of office Military
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
10 General
Sani Abacha
(1943–1998)
17 November 1993 8 June 1998
(died in office.)
4 years, 203 days Provisional Ruling Council
11   General
Abdulsalami Abubakar
(born 1942)
8 June 1998 29 May 1999
(resigned.)
355 days Provisional Ruling Council

Fourth Republic (1999–present)Edit

President Elected Term of office Political party
No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Time in office
12   Chief Olusegun Obasanjo
(born 1937)
1999
2003
29 May 1999 29 May 2007 8 years People's Democratic Party
13   Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar'Adua
(1951–2010)
2007 29 May 2007 5 May 2010[2]

(died in office.)

2 years, 341 days People's Democratic Party
14   Dr. Goodluck Jonathan
(born 1957)
2011 5 May 2010 29 May 2015 5 years, 25 days People's Democratic Party
15   Muhammadu Buhari
(born 1942)
2015
2019
29 May 2015 Incumbent 7 years, 246 days All Progressives Congress

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Past Presidents & Heads of State". StateHouse, Federal Republic of Nigeria. Archived from the original on 2017-08-14. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  2. Goodluck Jonathan was Acting President from 9 February to 5 May 2010