List of General Secretaries of the Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the top position in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. As the leader of the only legal political party, the General Secretary served as the de facto leader but not necessarily head of government or head of state, although the actual head of government was the Premier. Before Stalin turned the position of General Secretary into the most powerful in the Soviet Union. According 1977 Constitution the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was the President and Chairman of the Council of Minister was the Premier. Lenin led the nation as Premier.
The office was called First Secretary from 1953 to 1966.
List of General Secretaries Edit
|#||Name||Picture||Term start||Term end||Born||Died|
|1||Joseph Stalin||3 April 1922||16 October 1952||18 December 1878||5 March 1953(aged 74)|
|2||Georgy Malenkov||16 October 1952||7 September 1953||6 December 1901||14 January 1988(aged 86)|
|3||Nikita Khrushchev (as First Secretary)||7 September 1953||14 October 1964||15 April 1894||11 September 1971(aged 77)|
|4||Leonid Brezhnev (First Secretary from 1964 to 1966)||14 October 1964||10 November 1982||19 December 1906||10 November 1982(aged 75)|
|5||Yuri Andropov||12 November 1982||9 February 1984||15 June 1914||9 February 1984(aged 69)|
|6||Konstantin Chernenko||13 February 1984||10 March 1985||24 September 1911||10 March 1985(aged 73)|
|7||Mikhail Gorbachev||11 March 1985||24 August 1991||March 2, 1931||30 August 2022(aged 91)|
|—||Vladimir Ivashko||24 August 1991||29 August 1991||28 October 1932||13 November 1994(aged 62)|