Georgy Malenkov

Soviet politician (1902–1988)

Georgy Maximilianovich Malenkov (Russian: Гео́ргий Максимилиа́нович Маленко́в : trans : Georgiy Maksimilianovich Malenkov) (8 January 1902 – 14 January 1988)[2] was a Russian politician in the Soviet Union and the Premier of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin in March from 1953 to 1955. Malenkov joined the Communist Party in 1920. Malenkov served as the Premier (official head of government) of the country while Nikita Krushchev was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He was also involved in World War II when Nazi Germany lead by Adolf Hitler carried out the Nazi Invasion of Russia. Malenkov was also involved in the Korean War just 5 years after World War II when Hitler and Mussolini both died in April 1945 and after Hirohito surrendered Japan in August 1945.

Georgy Malenkov
Гео́ргий Маленко́в
Malenkov in 1954
Premier of the Soviet Union
In office
6 March 1953 – 8 February 1955
First DeputiesVyacheslav Molotov
Nikolai Bulganin
Lavrentiy Beria
Lazar Kaganovich
Preceded byJoseph Stalin
Succeeded byNikolai Bulganin
Deputy Chairman of the
Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union
In office
9 February 1955 – 29 June 1957
PremierNikolai Bulganin
In office
2 August 1946 – 5 March 1953
PremierJoseph Stalin
In office
15 May 1944 – 15 March 1946
PremierJoseph Stalin
Second Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
In office
31 August 1948 – 16 October 1952
Preceded byAndrei Zhdanov
Succeeded byoffice abolished
(later re-established and held by Mikhail Suslov)
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (de facto)[1]
In office
16 October 1952 – 14 September 1953
Preceded byJoseph Stalin
Succeeded byNikita Khrushchev (as First Secretary)
Personal details
Georgy Maximilianovich Malenkov

(1902-01-08)8 January 1902
Orenburg, Russian Empire
Died14 January 1988(1988-01-14) (aged 86)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
Spouse(s)Valeriya A. Golubtsova (1901–1987)
Alma materMoscow Highest Technical School
ProfessionEngineer, politician

He formed a team with Nikolai Bulganin, Vyacheslav Molotov, and Lazar Kaganovich, and together they tried to throw Khrushchev out of power. Krushchev eventually won the battle for power, and in 1957 Malenkov was forced to leave his position in the Party Politburo. In 1961, he was kicked out of the Party and forced to move to Kazakhstan.

Along with Krushchev, Malenkov was one of a few important members of Stalin's group of partners (called the "inner circle") who died a natural death, and was not executed.

Together with Lavrentiy Beria and Krushchev, Malenkov began the process of destalinization, completing the process from 1953-1961.

Career change

On 23 December 1953, just months after Joseph Stalin died on 5 March 1953, Malenkov along with Nikita Khrushchev and Georgy Zhukov and other soviet officials executed Lavrentiy Beria in late 1953 who was the NKVD chief from 1938-1946 and the MVD from 1946-1953. In February 1955, Georgy Malenkov was replaced by Nikita Khrushchev.

Malenkov died in 1988, 33 years after being replaced by Khrushchev in 1955 and 3 years after Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in 1985.

References change

  1. as highest ranking Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
  2. Frankel, Benjamin (6 March 1992). The Cold War, 1945–1991: Leaders and other important figures in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, China, and the Third World. Gale Research – via Internet Archive. Georgy Malenkov 14 jan.