Kliment Voroshilov

Soviet marshal and politician

Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov (Russian: Климе́нт Ефре́мович Вороши́лов​) (born 4 February 1881 – died 2 December 1969), was a Soviet military officer and politician during Joseph Stalin's era. He was one of the original five Marshals of the Soviet Union. It is considered the highest military rank of the Soviet Union. [1]

Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov
Климе́нт Ефре́мович Вороши́лов

Kliment Voroshilov in 1961
President of the Soviet Union
In office
15 March 1953 – 7 May 1960
PremierGeorgy Malenkov
Nikolai Bulganin
Nikita Khrushchev
Preceded byNikolai Shvernik
Succeeded byLeonid Brezhnev
Defence Minister of the Soviet Union
In office
31 October 1925 – 7 May 1940
PresidentMikhail Kalinin
PremierAlexei Rykov(until 1930)
Vyacheslav Molotov
Preceded byMikhail Frunze
Succeeded bySemyon Tymoshenko
Personal details
Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov

(1881-02-04)4 February 1881
Bakhmut, Russian Empire
Died2 December 1969(1969-12-02) (aged 88)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
Spouse(s)Ekaterina Voroshilova
ChildrenPetya Voroshilov
Timur Frunze (adopted)
Tatyana Frunze (adopted)
Military service
Allegiance Russian SFSR
 Soviet Union
Branch/serviceRed Army
Soviet Armed Forces
Years of service1917–1969
CommandsNorth Caucasus Military District

Moscow Military District

Leningrad Front
Battles/warsRussian Civil War

World War II -

Early life and career


Voroshilov was born Verkhnyeye, Bakhmut uyezd, Yekaterinoslav. The place is now part of Lysychansk in Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. He was born into a railway worker's family of Russian ethnicity. According to the Soviet Major General Petro Grigorenko, Voroshilov himself alluded to the heritage of his birth-country, Ukraine, and to the previous family name of Voroshilo.

Personal life


He was married to Ekaterina Voroshilova (born Golda Gorbman). She came from a Jewish Ukrainian family from Mardarovka. She changed her name when she converted to Orthodox Christianity in order to be allowed to marry Voroshilov. During Stalin's rule, the couple lived in the Kremlin at the Horse Guards.

Voroshilov died in 1969 in Moscow and was buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis.


  1. "Ворошилов Климент Ефремович". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2020-07-10.

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