Red Army

1918–1946 Russian then Soviet army and air force

The Red Army was the army of the Bolsheviks led by Leon Trotsky in the Russian Civil War. Later it became the army of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. It was the name used mainly before and during World War II. After the war it was renamed as the Soviet Army, although many people still continued to call it the Red Army. Even nowadays some people still nickname the modern Russian Army as the Red Army.

Workers' and Peasants' Red Army
Red Army flag.svg
ActiveJanuary 15, 1918 to February 25, 1946
Country
AllegianceCPSU
TypeArmy
EngagementsWorld War I, Russian Civil War, Polish–Soviet War, Winter War, Eastern Front of World War II

Some later Communist organizations such as the Red Army Faction used the name, and anti-communists sometimes used the name for any left-wing group which they said was trying to promote communism and was paid for by the USSR.