King of France and Navarre 1610–1643
Louis XIII (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was King of France from 1610 to 1643. He was the son of Henry IV and Marie de' Medici. He lived during the time of the Thirty Years War and had to deal with many rebellions. He was proud of his country, and tried to encourage French artists to stay in France instead of going off to Italy. He did this by giving them work in the Louvre.
|King of France and Navarre|
|Reign||14 May 1610 – 14 May 1643|
|Coronation||17 October 1610|
|Predecessor||Henry IV and III|
|Regent||Marie de' Medici (1610–1614)|
|Born||27 September 1601|
Château de Fontainebleau, France
|Died||14 May 1643 (aged 41)|
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
|Spouse||Anne of Austria|
|Issue||Louis XIV, King of France|
Philippe, Duke of Orléans
|House||House of Bourbon|
|Father||Henry IV of France|
|Mother||Marie de' Medici|
Although he was married, many people thought that he would never produce an heir. Then, after 23 years of marriage, his wife Anne gave birth to a baby boy. He was to become King Louis XIV of France.
He died of Crohn's disease in 1643 and was later buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, France. His oldest son would succeed him on the throne.
- King Louis XIV of France (5 September 1638–1 September 1715) married Marie Thérèse of Austria.
- Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans (21 September 1640 – 9 June 1701) married Henrietta of England then Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate.
- ↑ "Louis XIII". NNDB. 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2009-09-11.