Louis XIII

King of France and Navarre (1610–1643)

Louis XIII (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was King of France from 1610 to 1643. He was the son of Henry IV and Marie de' Medici.[1] He lived during the time of the Thirty Years War and had to deal with many rebellions. He was proud of his country, and tried to encourage French artists to stay in France instead of going off to Italy. He did this by giving them work in the Louvre.

Louis XIII
King of France and Navarre
Reign14 May 1610 – 14 May 1643
Coronation17 October 1610
PredecessorHenry IV and III
SuccessorLouis XIV
RegentMarie de' Medici (1610–1614)
Born(1601-09-27)27 September 1601
Château de Fontainebleau, France
Died14 May 1643(1643-05-14) (aged 41)
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
SpouseAnne of Austria
IssueLouis XIV, King of France
Philippe, Duke of Orléans
HouseHouse of Bourbon
FatherHenry IV of France
MotherMarie de' Medici
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Although he was married, many people thought that he would never produce an heir. Then, after 23 years of marriage, his wife Anne gave birth to a baby boy. He was to become King Louis XIV of France.

He died of Crohn's disease in 1643 and was later buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, France. His oldest son would succeed him on the throne.

Children change

  1. King Louis XIV of France (5 September 1638–1 September 1715) married Marie Thérèse of Austria.
  2. Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans (21 September 1640 – 9 June 1701) married Henrietta of England then Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate.

References change

  1. "Louis XIII". NNDB. 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2009-09-11.