The M1 Abrams is a modern main battle tank used by the United States. It is also exported to several countries. It is a well armed, well protected, and fast tank designed for modern armored ground warfare. Notable features of the M1 Abrams include the use of a powerful engine, layered armor, and a low profile. It is one of the heaviest tanks in service, weighing almost 70 short tons.
|Type||Main battle tank|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Used by|| United States|
|Wars||Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm)|
War in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom)
Iraq War (Operation Iraqi Freedom)
|Unit cost||US$6 million |
|No. built||Over 10,000|
M1, first production model
M1A1, bigger gun
M1A2, technology upgrades
|Mass||67.6 Short Tons|
|Length||Gun forward: 32.04 ft (9.77 m)|
Hull length: 26.02 ft (7.93 m)
|Width||12 ft (3.66 m)|
|Height||8 ft (2.44 m)|
|Crew||4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)|
|Armor||Composite, Steel, depleted uranium mesh|
|105 mm rifled cannon (M1)|
120 mm 120 mm smoothbore cannon (M1A1, M1A2)
|1 x 12.7 mm machine gun|
2 x 7.62 mm machine guns
|Engine||multi-fuel turbine engine|
1,500 shp (1,120 kW)
|Power/weight||24.5 hp/metric ton|
|Ground clearance||0.48 m (1 ft 7 in) (M1, M1A1)|
0.43 m (1 ft 5 in) (M1A2)
|Fuel capacity||500 us gallons|
|Maximum speed||Road: 42 mph (67.7 km/h) |
Off-road: 30 mph (48.3 km/h)
The M1 Abrams entered U.S. service in 1980, replacing the M60 Patton. Three main versions of the M1 Abrams have been deployed, the M1, M1A1, and M1A2, incorporating improved armament, protection and electronics. These improvements, as well as periodic upgrades to older tanks have allowed this long-serving vehicle to remain in front-line service. The M1A3 is currently under development. It is the principal (main) main battle tank of the United States Army and Marine Corps, and the armies of Egypt, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Australia, and in 2010 Iraq. The M1 Abrams is anticipated to be in U.S. service until the 2050s.
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- Rostker, Bernard: Environmental Exposure Report:Depleted Uranium in the Gulf. DoD Publication, 1998..
- United States General Accounting Office:Operation Desert Storm: Early Performance Assessment of Bradley and Abrams. Washington, January 1992.PDF.
- Halberstadt, Hans. Desert Storm Ground War. Osceola, WI, Motorbooks International, 1991. 128 pp.
- Hilmes, Rolf (1 December 2004). "Arming Future MBTs - Some Considerations". Military Technology. Mönsch.
- Hunnicutt, R. P. "Patton: A History of the American Main Battle Tank." 1984, Presidio Press; ISBN 0-89141-230-1.
- Forty, George: Tank Action. From the Great War to the Gulf, Allan Sutton Publishing Ltd., Phoenix Mill 1995.
- Zaloga Steven J., & Sarson, Peter: M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank 1982-1992. Osprey Military, New Vanguard. Reed International Books Ltd, 1993.
- "M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank". FAS Military Analysis Network. Retrieved January 17, 2004.
- "TUSK to update Abrams for urban battle". Army News Service. Retrieved April 6, 2005.
- Army Times - Two soldiers die in attack on Abrams tank, October 29, 2003
- DoD News: DoD Identifies Army Casualty - Dec 25, 2005 attack
- DoD News: DoD Identifies Army Casualties - June 04, 2006 incident
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to M1 Abrams.|
- Abrams U.S. Army Fact File
- Official Abrams page on General Dynamics Land Systems site
- M1A1/M1A2 Abrams Main Battle Tank on Army-Technology.com
- M1A1/2 Abrams page on the Armor Site
- Main Battle Tank M1A1 Abrams on Enemyforces.com
- Anatomy of an M1 Abrams on military.discovery.com
- M1 Abrams page, with a detailed overview of how the tank works on howstuffworks.com
- M-1 Tank Urban Survivability Kit (TUSK), M1A1 AIM Upgrade, and M1A2 SEP Upgrade on Defense-Update.com
- M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank page on GlobalSecurity.com
- AGT1500 Tubine Technology on Honeywell.com