The Persian Gulf War, sometimes just called the Gulf War, was a conflict between Iraq and 34 other countries, led by the United States. It started with the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq on August 2, 1990. Iraq had long claimed Kuwait as part of its territory. The war ended the following spring when Iraq's armies were defeated. There were two military operations.
|Persian Gulf War|
United Arab Emirates
|Commanders and leaders|
|Norman Schwarzkopf Jr.||Saddam Hussein|
|956,600, including 700,000 US troops||650,000 soldiers|
|Casualties and losses|
3,300 tanks destroyed
2,100 APCs destroyed
2,200 Artillery Pieces destroyed
110 Aircraft destroyed
137 Aircraft escaped to Iran
19 naval ships sunk, 6 damaged
Operation Desert Storm attacked Iraq's forces both in Kuwait and in Iraq. It started on 17 January, 1991 with an air strike. Ground operations started 24 February. Iraqi forces set fire to oil wells to slow the attack.The war ended on 28 February, 1991 with a ceasefire.
The long Iran–Iraq War had ended in August 1988. Iraq owed a great amount of money to Saudi Arabia and had difficulty paying it back. Saddam Hussein declared the neighboring country of Kuwait to be siphoning Iraqi crude oil from across the border, and on August 2nd, 1990 the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait started. On January 17, 1991 the US began the Persian Gulf War with a massive US led air offensive known as Operation Desert Storm.
After 42 days of fighting U.S. President Bush declared a ceasefire on February 28. By that time most Iraqi forces in Kuwait had either surrendered or fled.
Operation Desert storm included a bombing campaign that targeted Iraqi aircraft, anti-aircraft systems, oil refineries, weapon factories, bridges, and roads. The war was a lopsided victory for coalition forces. President George Bush decided not to depose Saddam Houssein.
Political issues after Operation Desert Storm lead to the second Persian Gulf War in 2003.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gulf War.|
- Gulf War coalition forces (latest available) by country "www.nationmaster.com". Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 2007-09-13. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Hersh, Seymour (2005). Chain of Command. Penguin Books. p. 181.
- "Persian Gulf War". MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 1 November 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- 18 M1 Abrams, 11 M60, 2 AMX-30
- CheckPoint, Ludovic Monnerat -. "Guerre du Golfe : le dernier combat de la division Tawakalna".
- Scales, Brig. Gen. Robert H.: Certain Victory. Brassey's, 1994, p. 279.
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- Captain Todd A. Buchs, B. Co. Commander, Knights In the Desert. Publisher/Editor Unknown. p. 111.
- Malory, Marcia. "Tanks During the First Gulf War – Tank History". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- M60 vs T-62 Cold War Combatants 1956–92 by Lon Nordeen & David Isby
- "TAB H – Friendly-fire Incidents". Retrieved 5 July 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- NSIAD-92-94, "Operation Desert Storm: Early Performance Assessment of Bradley and Abrams". US General Accounting Office, 10 January 1992. Quote: "According to information provided by the Army's Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans, 20 Bradleys were destroyed during the Gulf war. Another 12 Bradleys were damaged, but four of these were quickly repaired. Friendly fire accounted for 17 of the destroyed Bradleys and three of the damaged ones
- Pike, John. "Operation Desert Storm". Retrieved 5 July 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait; 1990 (Air War). Acig.org. Retrieved on 12 June 2011
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