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Czechoslovakia

1918–1992 country in Central Europe, predecessor of the Czech Republic and Slovakia

Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia[1] was a country in Europe. It split off from Austria-Hungary in 1918 and split apart in 1993.

Czechoslovakia

Československo
Česko‑Slovensko[a]
1918–1939
1945–1992
1939–1945: Government-in-exile
Motto: Pravda vítězí / Pravda víťazí’ (Czech / Slovak, 1918–1990)
’Veritas vincit’ (Latin, 1990–1992)
’Truth prevails’
Anthem: Kde domov můj (Czech)
’Where is my home’

Nad Tatrou sa blýska (Slovak)
’Lightning Over the Tatras’
Czechoslovakia during interwar period and Cold War
Czechoslovakia during interwar period and Cold War
CapitalPrague (Praha)
50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083°N 14.417°E / 50.083; 14.417Coordinates: 50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083°N 14.417°E / 50.083; 14.417
Common languagesCzech · Slovak · German · Hungarian · Yiddish · Rusyn
Demonym(s)Czechoslovak
GovernmentFirst Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)
Second Czechoslovak Republic (1938–1939)
Third Czechoslovak Republic (1945–1948)
Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1948–1990)
Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990–1992)
President 
• 1918–1935
Tomáš G. Masaryk
• 1935–1938 · 1945–1948
Edvard Beneš
• 1938–1939
Emil Hácha
• 1948–1953
Klement Gottwald
• 1953–1957
Antonín Zápotocký
• 1957–1968
Antonín Novotný
• 1968–1975
Ludvík Svoboda
• 1976–1989
Gustáv Husák
• 1989–1992
Václav Havel
Prime Minister 
• 1918–1919 (first)
Karel Kramář
• 1992 (last)
Jan Stráský
Historical era20th century
• Independence
28 October 1918
1939
• Liberation
9 May 1945
25 February 1948
November–December 1989
31 December 1992
Population
• 1921
13,607,385
• 1992
15,600,000
CurrencyCzechoslovak koruna
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Austria-Hungary
Kingdom of Bohemia
Margraviate of Moravia
Czech Republic
Slovakia
Today part of Czech Republic
 Slovakia
 Ukraine
   Zakarpattia Oblast

In mid-1938 Nazi Germany took over Czechoslovakia and split off Slovakia. After World War II the USSR annexed a part of eastern Czechoslovakia so that they could have a border with Hungary. The USSR also annexed parts of Poland and Romania. All four of these countries were in the USSR's sphere of influence. The USSR thought that this meant they could make sure the countries did what they wanted. In 1968 the USSR thought that the government of Alexander Dubcek was moving away from communism and leaving the Warsaw Pact, and invaded Czechoslovakia.

In 1989 Czechoslovakia peacefully removed the Communist dictatorship in the Velvet Revolution.

On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Both countries separated in peace.

Official namesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. In other recognized languages of Czechoslovakia:
    • German: Tschechoslowakei
    • Rusyn: Чеськословеньско, Cheskoslovensko
    • Yiddish: טשעכאסלאוואקיי‎, Tshekhaslavakey

ReferencesEdit

  1. "THE COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS".
  2. Votruba, Martin. "Czecho-Slovakia or Czechoslovakia". Slovak Studies Program. University of Pittsburgh. Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2009.