Malala Yousafzai (born July 12, 1997 ) is a Pakistani student and education activist. She is known for her activism for girls' and women's rights, especially for her campaign to allow girls to go to school. She was a victim of a gunshot attack in October 2012.
Yousafzai at Girl Summit 2014
|Occupation||Activist for rights to education and for women and Blogger|
|Known for||Female education activism|
Yousafzai is the youngest person to have won the Nobel Peace Prize. She was awarded the prize in October 2014, when she was just 17 years old. She was nominated for the prize the year before that.
Malala was born in the town of Mingora in the Swat. In 2009, at age 11, many people got to know her through a blog of the BBC News' Urdu language service. The BBC published translated writings about her life living with Taliban rule.
On 9 October 2012, Yousafzai was shot in the head and neck in an assassination attempt by Atta Ullah Khan, a Taliban gunman. She was given emergency treatment in Pakistan and then moved to Great Britain for more medical treatment.
On 3 January 2013, Yousafzai was discharged from the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham to continue to recover at her family's temporary home in the West Midlands. She had two five-hour long operations on 2 February 2013. She had a titanium plate put over the hole in her skull and a cochlear implant so she could hear again.
In May 2012 David Trumble, an award-winning artist, made a cartoon of Yousafzai as a Disney princess as part of a drawing of other feminist icons that he had made into princesses that was in the Huffington Post.
On 12 July 2013, at age 16, she made a speech at the headquarters of the United Nations, stressing the right to education for all and for human rights and peace and non-violence against terrorism and intolerance citing the proverb: "the pen is mightier than the sword". That October she was invited to meet President Barack Obama, Michelle Obama, and their daughter Malia in the Oval Office.
She wrote a book about her life, I am Malala: The Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by the Taliban, which was published in October 2013. The book was banned in Pakistani private schools.
The Taliban have said that they still want to assassinate Yousafzai.
Besides the Nobel Prize in 2014, Yousafzai has been honoured for her work many times.
- She is the 2013 recipient of the Sakharov Prize.
- She was one of the winners of Glamour magazine's Women of the Year. Lady Gaga, who was also a winner and was on the month's cover, said that Yousafzai should have been on November's cover of Glamour instead of her.
- On 27 November 2013 Yousafzai was given the GG2 Hammer Award at the GG2 (Garavi Gujarat2) Leadership Awards 2013.
- Malala was chosen by TIME magazine as a candidate for 2013's Person of the Year.
- In 2014 she was given a Doctor of Civil Law degree by the University of King's College.
- Also in 2014, the Government of Canada announced Yousafzai would become an honorary citizen of Canada. The ceremony was supposed to happen on 22 October of that year, but was cancelled because of a shooting at Parliament Hill. Three years later, on 12 April 2017, she received her certificate of citizenship from Justin Trudeau, who called her "the newest and possibly bravest citizen of Canada". She would go on to speak to the Parliament of Canada that day, calling for Canada to lead the world in bringing education to females and refugees and children.
- "Successful Surgery For Pakistani Girl Whose Shooting Has Caused Outrage". National Public Radio. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Declan Walsh (4 January 2013). "Girl shot by Pakistani Taliban is discharged from hospital". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "What Will Malala's Nobel Peace Prize Mean For Girls' Education?". NPR.org. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "Malala Yousafzai among Nobel peace prize nominees". Telegraph.co.uk. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "Malala Yousafzai to undergo cranial reconstructive surgery in UK". India Today. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- "Pakistani girl Malala released from hospital". CNN. 4 January 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- "Girl shot by Taliban in stable condition after two operations to reconstruct skull and restore hearing". New York Post. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "Malala undergoes two successful surgeries: Hospital". The Times of India. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Danika Fears. "Artist responds to mixed reactions over Disney-fied feminist icons". TODAY. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "BBC News - Malala Yousafzai meets Obamas at White House". BBC News. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "Pakistan schools ban Malala Yousafzai's book". GMA News Online. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "Teen activist Malala Yousafzai wows at Glamour Women of the Year awards". CTVNews. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- PTI. "Narendra Modi on Time's 'Person of the Year' shortlist along with Malala Yousafzai, voting on". The Financial Express. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "Encaenia 2014: Five honorary doctorates to be conferred". ukings.ca. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "Malala Yousafzai's honorary Canadian citizenship ceremony cancelled: PMO". CTVNews. 2014-10-22. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
- "Malala 'humbled' by honorary citizenship". BBC News. 2017-04-12. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
- "'If Canada leads, the world will follow:' Malala Yousafzai urges Canada to make girls' education a priority". CBC News. 2017-04-12. Retrieved 2018-03-19.