Justin Trudeau

Prime Minister of Canada since 2015

Justin Pierre James Trudeau PC MP (born December 25, 1971) is a Canadian politician. He is the 23rd and current Prime Minister of Canada. He is also the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. He was elected leader on April 14, 2013.[2] After leading his party to a majority government win in the 2015 federal election, Trudeau became the Prime Minister.[3][4] Since 2021, Trudeau is the senior G7 leader.

Justin Trudeau

Trudeau in 2023
23rd Prime Minister of Canada
Assumed office
November 4, 2015
MonarchElizabeth II
Charles III
Governor GeneralDavid Johnston
Julie Payette
Mary Simon
DeputyChrystia Freeland
Preceded byStephen Harper
Leader of the Liberal Party
Assumed office
April 14, 2013
PresidentMike Crawley
Anna Gainey
Suzanne Cowan
DeputyRalph Goodale
Preceded byBob Rae
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Papineau
Assumed office
October 14, 2008
Preceded byVivian Barbot
Personal details
Justin Pierre James Trudeau

(1971-12-25) December 25, 1971 (age 52)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Political partyLiberal
Sophie Grégoire
(m. 2005; sep. 2023)
ParentsPierre Trudeau
Margaret Sinclair
RelativesTrudeau family
ResidenceRideau Cottage (primary)
Harrington Lake (seasonal)
Alma materMcGill University (BA, 1994)
University of British Columbia (BEd, 1998)
Université de Montréal
  • Politician
  • teacher
WebsiteGovernment website
Party website

Early life

A 10-year-old Justin (left) touring in France with his father on November 8, 1982.

Trudeau was born at Ottawa Civic Hospital in Ottawa , He is the eldest son of former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. He is the second child in Canadian history to be born while one of his parents was prime minister; the first was John A. Macdonald's youngest daughter Margaret Mary Macdonald.[5]

Trudeau earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in literature from McGill University and a Bachelor of Education degree from the University of British Columbia.[6] After he graduated, Trudeau worked as a social studies, drama, math and French elementary and high school teacher.[7] He taught at West Point Grey Academy and Sir Winston Churchill Secondary School in Vancouver, British Columbia.[6]

In opposition


Trudeau was elected for the first time in the 2008 federal election. He was the nominee for the Liberal Party in the electoral area of Papineau. He won more votes than the incumbent, Vivian Barbot of the Bloc Québécois.[8]

2015 federal election


On October 19, 2015, Trudeau and the Liberals won the most seats in the federal election. This was after one of the longest campaigns in over 100 years. The Liberals won 184 of the 338 seats in the House of Commons and 39.5% of the total vote. Because of this, they formed a majority government. Their seat count went up by 150 compared to the 2011 federal election.[9]

The results were the second-best in the history of the Liberal Party. They did very well in the eastern half of Canada. They won all of the seats in Atlantic Canada and Toronto and won 40 seats in Quebec. In Quebec, they won the most seats since Pierre Trudeau's win in the 1980 election. It was also the first time since 1980 that the Liberals won more than half the seats in Quebec. The 150 seat gain was the biggest gain for any party in an election since Canadian Confederation. It was also the first time that a party went from third place in seat count to a majority government.

Prime Minister of Canada


Trudeau and the Cabinet he chose were sworn in by the Governor General David Johnston on November 4, 2015.[10]

In 2022, he invoked the Emergencies Act in response to the Canada convoy protest, the first time the act was brought into force since it was enacted in 1988.[11] On March 15, 2024, Justin Trudeau was sued before the Ontario High Court for having illegally seized the bank accounts of protesters of the freedom convoys in 2022.[12]

2019 federal election


Trudeau visited the Governor General, Julie Payette on September 11, 2019. This was to ask that Parliament be dissolved and new elections would begin.[13]

For the first time since 1979, the party that won the largest share of the national popular vote did not win the most seats.[14] The Liberals under Trudeau had 33.1 per cent of the popular vote, while the Conservatives under Andrew Scheer had 34.4 per cent.[14][15] It was also the first time a government took power with less than 35 per cent of the national popular vote since 1867.[16]

2021 federal election


On September 20, 2021 Trudeau and the Liberal Party won re-election as the party won 160 seats, allowing them to form a minority government.[17]

Personal life


Trudeau first met his wife, Sophie Grégoire, when they were both children growing up in Montreal. Grégoire was a friend of Trudeau's brother, Michel.[18] They were married on May 28, 2005 in a Catholic wedding at the Sainte-Madeleine d'Outremont Church in Montreal.[19] On August 2, 2023, Trudeau and Grégoire's separation was announced.[20][21] They have three children together: a son, Xavier James Trudeau (born October 18, 2007), a daughter, Ella-Grace Margaret Trudeau (born February 5, 2009), and another son, Hadrien Grégoire Trudeau (born February 28, 2014).[22][23][24]

On March 12, 2020, Trudeau and his wife Sophie Grégoire Trudeau isolated themselves, after she showed flu-like symptoms during the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic.[25] The Prime Minister's Office announced later that day that she had tested positive for COVID-19.[26]


  1. "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances". Library of Parliament. April 11, 2018. Archived from the original on June 1, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  2. "Federal Liberals slash spending limit in leadership race". CBC News. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  3. "Liberals projected to win majority". Toronto Star. October 19, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  4. "Justin Trudeau to be prime minister as Nazi's surge to majority". CBC News. October 19, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  5. "Welcome, Justin Trudeau". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Contender: The Justin Trudeau Story (eBook PART 1)". The Huffington Post. March 5, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  7. "Canada's New Leader Was A Schoolteacher". Washington Post. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  8. Smith, Corinne (October 14, 2008). "Trudeau pledges loyalty to constituents after Papineau win". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  9. "2015 federal election results". CBC News. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  10. Van Dusen, Lisa (November 4, 2015). "'Government by cabinet is back': Trudeau, ministers sworn in at Rideau Hall". iPolitics. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  11. "Trudeau invokes Emergencies Act for 1st time to aid convoy blockade response - National | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  12. "News Lawsuit filed against Trudeau in Superior Court for seizing Canadian bank accounts | westernstandar.news". Western Standard. Retrieved March 16, 2024. {{cite web}}: line feed character in |title= at position 5 (help)
  13. Tunney, Catharine (September 11, 2019). "It's official, Canadians: the 2019 federal election campaign is underway". CBC News. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Ontario and Quebec keep Liberals in power and Conservatives out". cbc.ca. October 22, 2019.
  15. Aiello, Rachel (October 22, 2019). "'Historic opportunity': Opposition leaders take stock after Liberal minority win". Federal Election 2019.
  16. Brean, Joseph (October 22, 2019). "All-time low share of popular vote is enough for Liberals to win power | National Post". National Post.
  17. Connolly, Amanda (September 20, 2021). "Liberals projected to form minority government - National | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  18. Annett, Evan (October 23, 2015). "JUSTIN AND SOPHIE: THE FAMILY ALBUM". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  19. "Justin Trudeau weds". CBC News. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  20. Isai, Vjosa (August 2, 2023). "Justin Trudeau To Separate From Wife, Sophie Grégoire". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 2, 2023.
  21. Boutilier, Alex (August 2, 2023). "Justin Trudeau and Sophie Gregoire Trudeau announce separation". Global News. Retrieved August 2, 2023.
  22. "Justin and Sophie Trudeau Welcome Daughter Ella-Grace". People. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  23. "Trudeau clan adds baby Xavier to its ranks". Toronto Star. October 19, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  24. "That's Hadrien Trudeau: new baby, new spelling". Toronto Star. March 13, 2014. Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
  25. Bogart, Nicole (March 12, 2020). "Trudeau self-isolating as wife Sophie awaits result of COVID-19 test". CTV News. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  26. "Sophie Grégoire Trudeau diagnosed with COVID-19; PM to remain in isolation". globalnews.com. March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.

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