Justin Trudeau

23rd Prime Minister of Canada; eldest son of Pierre Trudeau

Justin Pierre James Trudeau PC MP (born December 25, 1971) is a Canadian politician. He is the 23rd and current Prime Minister of Canada. He is also the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. He was elected leader on April 14, 2013. [2] After leading his party to a majority government win in the 2015 federal election, Trudeau became the Prime Minister.[3][4]

Justin Trudeau

Trudeau visit White House for USMCA (cropped).jpg
Trudeau in 2019
23rd Prime Minister of Canada
Assumed office
November 4, 2015
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor GeneralDavid Johnston
Julie Payette
Mary Simon
DeputyChrystia Freeland
Preceded byStephen Harper
Leader of the Liberal Party
Assumed office
April 14, 2013
PresidentMike Crawley
Anna Gainey
Suzanne Cowan
DeputyRalph Goodale
Preceded byBob Rae
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Papineau
Assumed office
October 14, 2008
Preceded byVivian Barbot
Personal details
Justin Pierre James Trudeau

(1971-12-25) December 25, 1971 (age 50)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Political partyLiberal
Sophie Grégoire (m. 2005)
ParentsPierre Trudeau
Margaret Sinclair
RelativesTrudeau family
ResidenceRideau Cottage (primary)
Harrington Lake (seasonal)
Alma materMcGill University (BA, 1994)
University of British Columbia (BEd, 1998)
Université de Montréal
OccupationTeacher, politician
WebsiteGovernment website
Party website

Early lifeEdit

Trudeau is the eldest son of former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. He is the second child in Canadian history to be born while one of his parents was prime minister; the first was John A. Macdonald's youngest daughter Margaret Mary Macdonald.[5]

Trudeau earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in literature from McGill University and a Bachelor of Education degree from the University of British Columbia.[6] After he graduated, Trudeau worked as a social studies and French teacher. He taught at West Point Grey Academy and Sir Winston Churchill Secondary School in Vancouver, British Columbia.[6]

In oppositionEdit

Trudeau was elected for the first time in the 2008 federal election. He was the nominee for the Liberal Party in the electoral area of Papineau. He won more votes than the incumbent, Vivian Barbot of the Bloc Québécois.[7]

2015 federal electionEdit

On October 19, 2015, Trudeau and the Liberals won the most seats in the federal election. This was after one of the longest campaigns in over 100 years. The Liberals won 184 of the 338 seats in the House of Commons and 39.5% of the total vote. Because of this, they formed a majority government. Their seat count went up by 150 compared to the 2011 federal election.[8]

The results were the second-best in the history of the Liberal Party. They did very well in the eastern half of Canada. They won all of the seats in Atlantic Canada and Toronto and won 40 seats in Quebec. In Quebec, they won the most seats since Pierre Trudeau's win in the 1980 election. It was also the first time since 1980 that the Liberals won more than half the seats in Quebec. The 150 seat gain was the biggest gain for any party in an election since Canadian Confederation. It was also the first time that a party went from third place in seat count to a majority government.

Prime Minister of CanadaEdit

Trudeau and the Cabinet he chose were sworn in by the Governor General David Johnston on November 4, 2015.[9]

2019 federal electionEdit

Trudeau visited the Governor General, Julie Payette on September 11, 2019. This was to ask that Parliament be dissolved and new elections would begin.[10]

2021 federal electionEdit

On September 20, 2021 Trudeau and the Liberal Party won re-election as the party won 155 seats (same as in 2019), allowing them to form a minority government.[11]

Personal lifeEdit

Trudeau first met his wife, Sophie Grégoire, when they were both children growing up in Montreal. Grégoire was a friend of Trudeau's brother, Michel.[12] He married her on May 28, 2005 in a Catholic wedding at the Sainte-Madeleine d'Outremont Church in Montreal.[13] They have three children together: a son, Xavier James Trudeau (born October 18, 2007), a daughter, Ella-Grace Margaret Trudeau (born February 5, 2009), and another son, Hadrien Grégoire Trudeau (born February 28, 2014).[14][15][16]

On March 12, 2020, Trudeau and his wife Sophie Grégoire Trudeau isolated themselves, after she showed flu-like symptoms during the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic.[17] The Prime Minister's Office announced later that day that she had tested positive for COVID-19.[18]


  1. "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances". Library of Parliament. April 11, 2018. Archived from the original on June 1, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  2. "Federal Liberals slash spending limit in leadership race". CBC News. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  3. "Liberals projected to win majority". Toronto Star. October 19, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  4. "Justin Trudeau to be prime minister as Nazi's surge to majority". CBC News. October 19, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  5. "Welcome, Justin Trudeau". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Contender: The Justin Trudeau Story (eBook PART 1)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  7. Smith, Corinne (October 14, 2008). "Trudeau pledges loyalty to constituents after Papineau win". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  8. "2015 federal election results". CBC News. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  9. Van Dusen, Lisa (November 4, 2015). "'Government by cabinet is back': Trudeau, ministers sworn in at Rideau Hall". iPolitics. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  10. Tunney, Catharine (September 11, 2019). "It's official, Canadians: the 2019 federal election campaign is underway". CBC News. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  11. Connolly, Amanda (September 20, 2021). "Liberals projected to form minority government - National | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  12. Annett, Evan (October 23, 2015). "JUSTIN AND SOPHIE: THE FAMILY ALBUM". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  13. "Justin Trudeau weds". CBC News. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  14. "Justin and Sophie Trudeau Welcome Daughter Ella-Grace". People. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  15. "Trudeau clan adds baby Xavier to its ranks". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  16. "That's Hadrien Trudeau: new baby, new spelling". Toronto Star. March 13, 2014. Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
  17. Bogart, Nicole (March 12, 2020). "Trudeau self-isolating as wife Sophie awaits result of COVID-19 test". CTV News. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  18. "Sophie Grégoire Trudeau diagnosed with COVID-19; PM to remain in isolation". globalnews.com. March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.

Other websitesEdit