List of G7 leaders

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This is a list of the heads of government of the Group of Seven nations at each G6, G7, G8 summit since the organisation's creation in 1975.

List of G7 Leaders change

Summit
(Host)
State
Canada France Germany Italy Japan Russia United Kingdom United States European Union
Commission Council
1st — 1975
  France
Had not joined Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Helmut Schmidt Aldo Moro Takeo Miki Had not joined Harold Wilson Gerald Ford Had not joined
2nd — 1976
  United States
Pierre Trudeau James Callaghan
3rd — 1977
  United Kingdom
Giulio Andreotti Takeo Fukuda Jimmy Carter Roy Jenkins James Callaghan
4th — 1978
  West Germany
Helmut Schmidt
5th — 1979
  Japan
Joe Clark Masayoshi Ōhira Margaret Thatcher Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
6th — 1980
  Italy
Pierre Trudeau Francesco Cossiga Saburo Okita[1] Francesco Cossiga
7th — 1981
  Canada
François Mitterrand Giovanni Spadolini Zenkō Suzuki Ronald Reagan Gaston Thorn Margaret Thatcher
8th — 1982
  France
  Wilfried Martens
9th — 1983
  United States
Helmut Kohl Amintore Fanfani Yasuhiro Nakasone Helmut Kohl
10th — 1984
  United Kingdom
Bettino Craxi François Mitterrand
11th — 1985
  West Germany
Brian Mulroney Jacques Delors Bettino Craxi
12th — 1986
  Japan
  Ruud Lubbers
13th — 1987
  Italy
Amintore Fanfani   Wilfried Martens
14th — 1988
  Canada
Ciriaco De Mita Noboru Takeshita Helmut Kohl
15th — 1989
  France
Sōsuke Uno George H. W. Bush François Mitterrand
16th — 1990
  United States
Giulio Andreotti Toshiki Kaifu Giulio Andreotti
17th — 1991
  United Kingdom
John Major   Ruud Lubbers
18th — 1992
  Germany
Giuliano Amato Kiichi Miyazawa John Major
19th — 1993
  Japan
Kim Campbell Carlo Azeglio Ciampi Bill Clinton Henning Christophersen[2]   Jean-Luc Dehaene
20th — 1994
  Italy
Jean Chrétien Silvio Berlusconi Tomiichi Murayama Jacques Delors Helmut Kohl
21st — 1995
  Canada
Jacques Chirac Lamberto Dini Jacques Santer Jacques Chirac
22nd — 1996
  France
Romano Prodi Ryutaro Hashimoto Romano Prodi
23rd — 1997
  United States
Boris Yeltsin Tony Blair   Wim Kok
24th — 1998
  United Kingdom
Tony Blair
25th — 1999
  Germany
Gerhard Schröder Massimo D'Alema Keizō Obuchi Manuel Marín[3] Gerhard Schröder
26th — 2000
  Japan
Giuliano Amato Yoshirō Mori Vladimir Putin Romano Prodi Jacques Chirac
27th — 2001
  Italy
Silvio Berlusconi Junichirō Koizumi George W. Bush   Guy Verhofstadt
28th — 2002
  Canada
  José María Aznar
29th — 2003
  France
  Costas Simitis
30th — 2004
  United States
Paul Martin   Bertie Ahern
31st — 2005
  United Kingdom
José Manuel Barroso Tony Blair
32nd — 2006
  Russia
Stephen Harper Angela Merkel Romano Prodi   Matti Vanhanen
33rd — 2007
  Germany
Nicolas Sarkozy Shinzō Abe Angela Merkel
34th — 2008
  Japan
Silvio Berlusconi Yasuo Fukuda Dmitry Medvedev Gordon Brown Nicolas Sarkozy
35th — 2009
  Italy
Tarō Asō Barack Obama   Fredrik Reinfeldt
36th — 2010
  Canada
Naoto Kan David Cameron José Manuel Barroso Herman Van Rompuy
37th — 2011
  France
38th — 2012
  United States
François Hollande Mario Monti Yoshihiko Noda
39th — 2013
  United Kingdom
Enrico Letta Shinzō Abe Vladimir Putin
40th — 2014
  European Union
Matteo Renzi Suspended
41st — 2015
  Germany
Jean-Claude Juncker Donald Tusk
42nd — 2016
  Japan
Justin Trudeau
43rd — 2017
  Italy
Emmanuel Macron Paolo Gentiloni Theresa May Donald Trump
44th — 2018
  Canada
Giuseppe Conte
45th — 2019
  France
Boris Johnson
46th — 2020
  United States[4]
Ursula von der Leyen Charles Michel
47th — 2021
  United Kingdom
Mario Draghi Yoshihide Suga Joe Biden
48th — 2022
  Germany
Olaf Scholz Fumio Kishida
49th — 2023
  Japan
Giorgia Meloni Rishi Sunak

List of Senior G7 Leaders change

The following is a list of senior G7 leaders in order from the founding of the G6 to the present.[5] Senior G7 leaders are current leaders from the G7 who have been the incumbent leader of their country the longest. The current G7 senior leader is Prime Minister Justin Trudeau who has been prime minister since 2015.

Entered office as
Head of State
or Government
Began time as
senior G8 leader
Ended time as
senior G8 leader
Term
Length
Person Office
16 October 1964[6] 15 November 1975 5 April 1976 142 days Harold Wilson   Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
16 May 1974 5 April 1976 27 June 1976 83 days Helmut Schmidt   Chancellor of West Germany
20 April 1968 27 June 1976[7] 4 June 1979 2 years, 342 days Pierre Trudeau   Prime Minister of Canada
16 May 1974 4 June 1979 3 March 1980 273 days Helmut Schmidt   Chancellor of West Germany
20 April 1968[8] 3 March 1980 30 June 1984 4 years, 119 days Pierre Trudeau   Prime Minister of Canada
4 May 1979 30 June 1984 28 November 1990 6 years, 151 days Margaret Thatcher   Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
10 May 1981 28 November 1990 17 May 1995 4 years, 170 days François Mitterrand   President of France
1 October 1982 17 May 1995 27 October 1998 3 years, 163 days Helmut Kohl   Chancellor of Germany
10 July 1991 27 October 1998 31 December 1999 1 year, 65 days Boris Yeltsin   President of Russia
20 January 1993 31 December 1999 20 January 2001 1 year, 20 days Bill Clinton   President of the United States
4 November 1993 20 January 2001 12 December 2003 2 years, 326 days Jean Chrétien   Prime Minister of Canada
17 May 1995 12 December 2003 16 May 2007 3 years, 155 days Jacques Chirac   President of France
2 May 1997 16 May 2007 27 June 2007 42 days Tony Blair   Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
7 May 2000 27 June 2007 7 May 2008 315 days Vladimir Putin   President of Russia
20 January 2001 7 May 2008 20 January 2009 258 days George W. Bush   President of the United States
10 May 1994[9] 20 January 2009 16 November 2011 2 years, 300 days Silvio Berlusconi   Prime Minister of Italy
22 November 2005 16 November 2011 7 May 2012 173 days Angela Merkel   Chancellor of Germany
7 May 2000[10] 7 May 2012 24 March 2014 1 year, 321 days Vladimir Putin   President of Russia
22 November 2005 24 March 2014 8 December 2021 7 years, 259 days Angela Merkel   Chancellor of Germany
4 November 2015 8 December 2021 Incumbent 2 years, 132 days Justin Trudeau   Prime Minister of Canada

List of seniority of current G7 leaders change

Person Office In Office Since Term Length
Justin Trudeau   Prime Minister of Canada 4 November 2015 8 years, 166 days
Emmanuel Macron   President of France 14 May 2017 6 years, 340 days
Joe Biden   President of the United States 20 January 2021 3 years, 89 days
Fumio Kishida   Prime Minister of Japan 4 October 2021 2 years, 197 days
Olaf Scholz   Chancellor of Germany 8 December 2021 2 years, 132 days
Giorgia Meloni   Prime Minister of Italy 22 October 2022 1 year, 179 days
Rishi Sunak   Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 25 October 2022 1 year, 176 days

Notes change

  1. Okita was actually Foreign Minister at the time, filling in for Prime Minister Ōhira, who died 10 days before the conference began.
  2. Vice-President of the European Commission
  3. Acting Commission President following the March 1999 resignation of the Santer Commission
  4. Due to the global coronavirus pandemic, the 2020 summit was cancelled.
  5. Canada did not join the organization until 1976 while Russia did not join until 1997. Therefore, Canadian leaders prior to 1976 and Russian leaders before 1997 are not included in this list.
  6. Wilson first served as Prime Minister from 16 October 1964 to 19 June 1970, and then again from 4 March 1974 to 5 April 1976.
  7. Canada joined the organization on this date. Trudeau had been in office longer than any of the other leaders and so took the title of senior G8 leader from Schmidt.
  8. Trudeau first served as Prime Minister from 20 April 1968 to 4 June 1979, and then again from 3 March 1980 to 30 June 1984.
  9. Berlusconi first served as Prime Minister from 10 May 1994 to 17 January 1995, then again from 11 June 2001 to 17 May 2006, and then again from 8 May 2008 to 16 November 2011.
  10. Putin first served as President of Russia from 2000 to 2008.