David Cameron

British politician (born 1966)

David William Donald Cameron, Baron Cameron of Chipping Norton,[1] PC (born 9 October 1966)[2] is a British politician and the 68th Foreign Secretary from 2023 to 2024. He was the 53rd Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016. He was First Lord of the Treasury and 14th Leader of the Conservative Party until July 2016.

The Lord Cameron of Chipping Norton

Official portrait of Lord Cameron as Foreign Secretary
Official portrait, 2023
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
11 May 2010 – 13 July 2016
MonarchElizabeth II
Preceded byGordon Brown
Succeeded byTheresa May
Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs
In office
13 November 2023 – 5 July 2024
Prime MinisterRishi Sunak
Preceded byJames Cleverly
Succeeded byDavid Lammy
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
6 December 2005 – 11 July 2016
Preceded byMichael Howard
Succeeded byTheresa May
Leader of the Opposition
In office
6 December 2005 – 11 May 2010
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime Minister
DeputyWilliam Hague
Preceded byMichael Howard
Succeeded byHarriet Harman
Shadow portfolios
Shadow Secretary of State
2005Education and Skills
Shadow Minister
2003Privy Council Office
Parliamentary offices
Member of the House of Lords
Life peerage
17 November 2023
Member of Parliament
for Witney
In office
7 June 2001 – 12 September 2016
Preceded byShaun Woodward
Succeeded byRobert Courts
Personal details
David William Donald Cameron

(1966-10-09) 9 October 1966 (age 57)
Marylebone, London, England
Political partyConservative
(m. 1996)
RelativesCameron family
WebsiteOfficial website Edit this at Wikidata

On 24 June 2016, following a vote in a referendum to leave the European Union,[3] Cameron announced that he would step down before the October 2016 Conservative Party Conference to make way for a new Prime Minister.[3][4] After Theresa May became the only candidate in the elections, she became the designated Prime Minister. Cameron later announced he would resign on 13 July and was replaced by May.[5]

Early life and career


David Cameron was born at The London Clinic in Marylebone, London,[6] and grew up in Peasemore, Berkshire. He went to Eton College, a private school for boys, when he was thirteen. He has a brother, Alexander Cameron and two sisters.[7] He then studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) at the University of Oxford. He has Scottish, Welsh, English, Irish and German Jewish descent.[8] He worked as a researcher for Carlton TV, and as an adviser for Conservative politicians Norman Lamont and Michael Howard. He first became a Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) at the 2001 General Election for the constituency of Witney, after making an unsuccessful attempt to become an MP during the 1997 General Election. He briefly entered the shadow cabinet in 2005, before being elected leader of the Conservative Party in December 2005.

Prime Minister (2010–2016)

Premiership of David Cameron
11 May 2010 – 13 July 2016
PremierDavid Cameron
CabinetCameron–Clegg coalition
2nd Cameron ministry
Election2010, 2015
AppointerElizabeth II
Seat10 Downing Street
Royal Arms of the Government

Cameron led the Conservatives through the 2010 general election, where it received the highest share of the vote and more seats than any other party, but did not get enough votes to form a government by themselves. A Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government was formed, and David Cameron became Prime Minister on 11 May 2010. He is Britain's youngest Prime Minister for over 200 years. Since being elected, Cameron's government has declared £6.2 billion worth of cuts to help reduce the budget deficit. He was re-elected as Prime Minister in 2015. His party got 36.9% of the vote, a majority. The Liberal Democrats only got 7.9% so the coalition between the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats ended.

On 24 June 2016, following a vote in a referendum to leave the European Union,[3] Cameron announced that he would step down before the October 2016 Conservative Party Conference to make way for a new Prime Minister.[3][4] Cameron announced he would resign on July 13, after Theresa May became the designated Prime Minister.

Foreign Secretary (2023–2024)


On 13 November 2023, there was a cabinet reshuffle in which former Home Secretary Suella Braverman was dismissed and replaced by former Foreign Secretary James Cleverly. Cameron replaced Cleverly as Foreign Secretary. In addition to his role, a life peerage was given to Cameron, making him a member of the House of Lords and the first Prime Minister to receive a peerage since Margaret Thatcher.[9][10][11]

After the Conservatives lost the 2024 general election in a landslide to the opposition Labour Party led by Keir Starmer, Cameron was replaced by David Lammy, whom he congratulated.[12] He announced a few days later that he would be retiring from frontline politics while continuing to support the party.[13][14][15]

Personal life


He is married to Samantha Cameron, and they have 3 children. His son Ivan was born with disabilities and died when he was six. Nancy Gwen was born in 2004. His youngest child, Florence, was born on holiday in Cornwall. Because she was born in St. Endellion, they decided to make her middle name Endellion.[16]

He said on Channel 4 News in 2013 that he is a feminist,[17] but some people don't agree.[18] During a debate with MP Angela Eagle at Prime Minister's Questions in April 2011 he told her to "calm down, dear".[19] Some people found this rude, and have used it to claim he is not a feminist.


  1. "Parliamentary career of Lord Cameron of Chipping Norton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 17 November 2023.
  2. "Ancestry of David Cameron". Retrieved 2011-04-18.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "EU referendum: UK votes to leave in historic referendum - BBC News". BBC News. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-06-24.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Stewart, Heather; Mason, Rowena; Syal, Rajeev (2016-06-24). "David Cameron resigns after UK votes to leave European Union". The Guardian. PM announces resignation following victory for leave supporters after divisive referendum campaign
  5. "Theresa May to succeed Cameron as UK PM on Wednesday". BBC. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016. The timing of the handover of power from David Cameron looks set to be after PM's questions on Wednesday.
  6. Ashcroft, Michael (2015-10-05). Call Me Dave: The Unauthorised Biography of David Cameron. Biteback Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84954-990-5.
  7. "The David Cameron story". 2005-12-06. Retrieved 2021-11-16.
  8. "David Cameron tells Israelis about his Jewish ancestors". www.telegraph.co.uk. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 2021-11-16.
  9. Francis, Sam (13 November 2023). "Rishi Sunak sacks Suella Braverman as home secretary". BBC News. Retrieved 13 November 2023.
  10. Scott, Jennifer; Osborne, Samuel (13 November 2023). "David Cameron appointed foreign secretary and made peer in shock cabinet reshuffle move". Sky News. Retrieved 13 November 2023.
  11. "Lords Library".
  12. "Congratulations @DavidLammy on your appointment as Foreign Secretary. At a time when the world is more dangerous, more volatile, more confrontational, than most of us have ever known, your new role is more important than ever. The @FCDOGovUK is full of great talent and experience that exemplifies the very best of the British civil service. I know they will serve you as well as they have served me. I will be willing you on as you get to work, standing up for Britain's interests, and wish you well". Twitter.
  13. Hymas, Charles (8 July 2024). "David Cameron to step back from frontline politics". The Telegraph. Retrieved 8 July 2024.
  14. "It's been a huge honour to serve as Foreign Secretary, but clearly the Conservative Party in opposition will need to shadow the new Foreign Secretary from the Commons. So I told Rishi Sunak that I would step back. I'm delighted that the Shadow Foreign Secretary role has gone to my good friend Andrew Mitchell. As a committed Conservative I will continue to support the Party and help where I can as we rebuild from the very disappointing election result". Twitter.
  15. "David Cameron steps back from frontline politics – but keeps Lords seat for life". The Independent. 2024-07-08. Retrieved 2024-07-09.
  16. "Camerons reveal daughter's name". BBC News. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  17. Association, Press (2 October 2013). "David Cameron: 'I am a feminist'". TheGuardian.com. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  18. Cosslett, Rhiannon Lucy (27 September 2013). "So David Cameron is not a feminist. Well, knock me down with a feather - Rhiannon Lucy Cosslett". TheGuardian.com. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  19. "David Cameron tells MP Angela Eagle: 'Calm down, dear'". BBC News. Retrieved 25 June 2016.

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