Mangal Pandey

India's First Freedom Fighter

Mangal Pandey (1827 - 8 April 1857) was an Indian solider. He was a soldier of the Bengal Army under the East India Company. He was known for actions in the events just after the start of the Indian rebellion of 1857.

1984 Indian Stamp depicting Mangal Pandey

Early life and career change

Pandey was born in 1827 at Nagwa. It is a village of upper Ballia district in what is now Uttar Pradesh.[1] He was born to a Hindu Saryupareen Brahmin family .[2]

He joined the Bengal Army in 1849. He was a sepoy (private solider) at 5th Company of 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI).[3]

Death change

Pandey was part of the revolution against the East India Company. They rebelled because the Company brought a new weapon.[source?] It was called the Enfield Rifle. These rifles had cartridges which were greased with the fats of animals. Many Indian soldiers believed that the fat was made of cows which are a holy animal for Hindu. This lead to the Sepoy Mutiny.

Pandey shot two British officers. He was tried in a military court. He was accused of working against Company.[4] He was hanged on 8 April 1857 at Barrackpore in Bengal Presidency.[5]

References change

  1. "Mangal Pandey birth anniversary: Know about India's courageous freedom fighter". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 2022-09-05.
  2. "Mangal Pandey | Biography & Facts | Britannica". Retrieved 2022-09-05.
  3. David, Saul (2003). The Indian Mutiny : 1857. London: Penguin. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-14-100554-6. OCLC 52456236.
  4. Hibbert, Christopher (1980). The great mutiny : India 1857. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-004752-2. OCLC 6618155.
  5. "Review of The Roti Rebellion". The Hindu. 8 June 2005. Archived from the original on 7 February 2007.

Other websites change

  • Sen, Surendra Nath (1957). Eighteen fifty-seven. Publications Division, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Govt. of India.
  • Wagner, Kim A. (2014). The Great Fear of 1857. Rumours, Conspiracies and the Making of the Indian Uprising. ISBN 978-93-81406-34-2.
  • Forrest, George (1893). Selections from the letters, despatches and other state papers preserved in the Military Department of the Government of India, 1857-58.
  • Man who led the mutiny

Further reading change

  • Amin, Agha H., The Sepoy Rebellion of 1857-59: Reinterpreted, 1998, Strategicus and Tacticus ISBN 9781480085701
  • Mukherjee, Rudrangshu, Mangal Pandey: Brave Martyr or Accidental Hero?, 2005, Penguin Books (India), ISBN 0-14-303256-9