Mangal Pandey

Babu Saheb(or BabuSahib) says Bhumihar Brahmin caste.

Mangal Pandey (died on 8 April 1857) was an Indian solider. He was a soldier of the Bengal Army under Company rule in India. He was known for actions in the events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857.

1984 Indian Stamp depicting Mangal Pandey

Early life and careerEdit

Pandey was born in 1827 at Nagwa, a village of upper Ballia district, Ceded and Conquered Provinces (now in Uttar Pradesh).[1] He was born to a Hindu Brahmin family.[2]

He joined the Bengal Army in 1849. He was a sepoy (private solider) at 5th Company of 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI).[3]

DeathEdit

Pandey had revolted against the East India Company because they brought a new weapon. It was called as Enfield Rifle. These rifles had cartridges greased with animal fats. Many Indian soldiers doubted that it was made of cow which is holy animal for Hindu and beef which is not touchable for Muslims. These reasons caused the Sepoy Mutiny.

He shot two British officers. He was tried in a military court. He was accused of working against Company.[4] He was hanged on 8 April 1857 at Barrackpore in Bengal Presidency.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Mangal Pandey birth anniversary: Know about India's courageous freedom fighter". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 2022-09-05.
  2. "Mangal Pandey | Biography & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2022-09-05.
  3. David, Saul (2003). The Indian Mutiny : 1857. London: Penguin. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-14-100554-6. OCLC 52456236.
  4. Hibbert, Christopher (1980). The great mutiny : India 1857. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-004752-2. OCLC 6618155.
  5. "Review of The Roti Rebellion". The Hindu. 8 June 2005. Archived from the original on 7 February 2007.

Other websitesEdit

  • Sen, Surendra Nath (1957). Eighteen fifty-seven. Publications Division, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Govt. of India.
  • Wagner, Kim A. (2014). The Great Fear of 1857. Rumours, Conspiracies and the Making of the Indian Uprising. ISBN 978-93-81406-34-2.
  • Forrest, George (1893). Selections from the letters, despatches and other state papers preserved in the Military Department of the Government of India, 1857-58.
  • Man who led the mutiny

Further readingEdit

  • Amin, Agha H., The Sepoy Rebellion of 1857-59: Reinterpreted, 1998, Strategicus and Tacticus ISBN 9781480085701
  • Mukherjee, Rudrangshu, Mangal Pandey: Brave Martyr or Accidental Hero?, 2005, Penguin Books (India), ISBN 0-14-303256-9