Marathon, Greece

modern town in Attica, Greece

Marathon (Demotic Greek: Μαραθώνας, Marathónas; Attic/Katharevousa: Μαραθών, Marathṓn) is a town in Greece and the site of the battle of Marathon around 490 BCE.

Marathon
Μαραθώνας
The plain of Marathon today
The plain of Marathon today
Location

No coordinates given

Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation: 0 m (0 ft)
Government
Country: Greece
Periphery: Attica
Mayor: Ilias Psinakis
Population statistics (as of 2011[1])
Municipality
 - Population: 33,423
 - Area: 222.75 km² (86 sq mi)
 - Density: 150 /km² (389 /sq mi)
Codes
Postal: 190 07
Telephone: 22940
Auto: Z
Website
www.marathon.gr

The name "Marathon" (Μαραθών) comes from the herb fennel, called marathon (μάραθον) or marathos (μάραθος) in Ancient Greek.[2][n 1] so Marathon literally means "a place full of fennels".[4]

  1. The Greek word for fennel is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B on tablets MY Ge 602, MY Ge 606 + fr., MY Ge 605 + 607 + frr. + 60Sa + 605b - as 𐀔𐀨𐀶𐀺, ma-ra-tu-wo.[3]

References

change
  1. "(875 KB) 2001 Census" (PDF). National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΣΥΕ) (in Greek). www.statistics.gr. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
  2. μάραθον. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at Perseus Project.
  3. "The Linear B word ma-ra-tu-wo". Palaeolexicon. Word study tool of Ancient languages. Raymoure, K.A. "ma-ra-tu-wo". Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B. Deaditerranean. Archived from the original on 2019-07-05. Retrieved 2020-03-01. "MY 602 Ge (57)". "MY 606 Ge + fr. (57)". "MY 605 Ge + 607 + fr. [+] 60Sa + fr. [+] 605b + frr. (57)". DĀMOS: Database of Mycenaean at Oslo. University of Oslo.
  4. Μαραθών in Liddell and Scott.