Marathon, Greece

modern town in Attica, Greece

Marathon (Demotic Greek: Μαραθώνας, Marathónas; Attic/Katharevousa: Μαραθών, Marathṓn) is a town in Greece and the site of the battle of Marathon around 490 BCE.

The plain of Marathon today
The plain of Marathon today

No coordinates given

Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation: 0 m (0 ft)
Country: Greece
Periphery: Attica
Mayor: Ilias Psinakis
Population statistics (as of 2011[1])
 - Population: 33,423
 - Area: 222.75 km² (86 sq mi)
 - Density: 150 /km² (389 /sq mi)
Postal: 190 07
Telephone: 22940
Auto: Z

The name "Marathon" (Μαραθών) comes from the herb fennel, called marathon (μάραθον) or marathos (μάραθος) in Ancient Greek.[2][n 1] so Marathon literally means "a place full of fennels".[4]

  1. The Greek word for fennel is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B on tablets MY Ge 602, MY Ge 606 + fr., MY Ge 605 + 607 + frr. + 60Sa + 605b - as 𐀔𐀨𐀶𐀺, ma-ra-tu-wo.[3]


  1. "(875 KB) 2001 Census" (PDF). National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΣΥΕ) (in Greek). Retrieved 2007-10-30.
  2. μάραθον. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at Perseus Project.
  3. "The Linear B word ma-ra-tu-wo". Palaeolexicon. Word study tool of Ancient languages. Raymoure, K.A. "ma-ra-tu-wo". Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B. Deaditerranean. Archived from the original on 2019-07-05. Retrieved 2020-03-01. "MY 602 Ge (57)". "MY 606 Ge + fr. (57)". "MY 605 Ge + 607 + fr. [+] 60Sa + fr. [+] 605b + frr. (57)". DĀMOS: Database of Mycenaean at Oslo. University of Oslo.
  4. Μαραθών in Liddell and Scott.