Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este

Grandmother of Louis-Philippe of France

Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este (October 6, 1726 – April 30, 1754) was born a princess of Modena. By marriage, she was the Duchess of Penthièvre. She was the mother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and a grandmother to the future Louis Philippe I.

Marie Thérèse Félicité
Princess of Modena
Duchess of Penthièvre
Marie Thérèse Félicité d'Este, Duchess of Penthièvre - Château de Bizy.png
Born(1726-10-06)6 October 1726
Ducal Palace, Modena
Died30 April 1754(1754-04-30) (aged 27)
Château de Rambouillet, France
SpouseLouis Jean Marie de Bourbon
IssueLouis Marie, Duke of Rambouillet
Louis Alexandre, Prince of Lamballe
Vincent, Count of Guingamp
Marie Adélaide, Duchess of Orléans
Full name
Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este
FatherFrancesco III of Modena
MotherCharlotte Aglaé d'Orléans
ReligionRoman Catholicism[source?]

One of nine children, she was the first daughter of the family but her mother eventually returned to France to live. In France she was eventually engaged to the hugely wealthy Duke of Penthièvre, who was a distant cousin of hers. In France she was known as Marie Thérèse Félicité.


in 1744 at the Palace of Versailles she was married to a second cousin, the French Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre. A very happy marriage the couple had seven children in total but only two of them survived childhood.


  1. Louis Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Rambouillet (2 January 1746 – 13 November 1749) died young.
  2. Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, "Prince of Lamballe" (6 September 1747 –6 May 1768), married Princess Marie Louise of Savoy, Mademoiselle de Carignan but had no children.
  3. Jean Marie de Bourbon (Hôtel de Toulouse, Paris, 17 July 1748 – Hôtel de Toulouse, Paris, 19 May 1755), Duke of Châteauvillain died young.
  4. Vincent de Bourbon, Count of Guingamp (22 June 1750 – 14 March 1752) died young.
  5. Marie Louise de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (18 October 1751 – 26 September 1753) died young.
  6. Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Mademoiselle d'Ivoy and later Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (13 March 1753 – , 23 June 1821), married Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and had children.
  7. Louis Marie Félicité de Bourbon (29 April 1754 – 30 April 1754) died young.


Marie Thérèse Félicité died in childbirth in 1754 giving birth to a son who also died. Her husband refused to remarry and died in 1793. Her daughter Marie Adélaïde moved Marie Thérèse Félicité's body to the Royal Chapel, in Dreux.

Titles and stylesEdit

The Duchess's arms.
  • 6 October 1726 - 29 December 1744 Her Most Serene Highness Princess Maria Teresa Felicitas.
  • 29 December 1744 - 30 April 1754 Her Most Serene Highness The Duchess of Penthièvre.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este at Wikimedia Commons