Masada is an ancient fortification in the Southern District of Israel. It is on top of an isolated rock plateau, like a mesa. The rock is on the east of the Judaean Desert, and overlooks the Dead Sea.
According to Josephus, the Sicarii, a splinter group of the Hebrew Zealots, held out against a Roman legion here. This was the Siege of Masada at the end of the First Jewish–Roman War. The seige ended in the mass suicide of 960 people – the rebels and their families.
The hill is 63 meters above the sea level and 450 above the dead sea level near Mount Elazar.
- World Heritage Sites. 
- "Photographs & footage of the Yadin excavations". Archived from the original on 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
- Stiebel, Guy D. 2007. "Masada." Encyclopaedia Judaica. (eds) Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. 2nd ed, vol 13. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, p593–599. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
- Ben-Yuda, Nachman 2000. The Bible and interpretation: the Masada myth Archived 2016-06-02 at the Wayback Machine
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