Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, or Tomb of Mausolus, was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey). It was bult for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia II of Caria, who was both his wife and his sister.
The building was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythius of Priene. It was about 45 meters (135 feet) tall. Each one of the four sides was decorated with sculptural reliefs created by one of four Greek sculptors — Bryaxis, Leochares, Scopas and Timotheus. It was such an accomplishment that Antipater of Sidon said it was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The word mausoleum has come to be used generically for any grand tomb.
- Greek: Μαυσωλείο της Αλικαρνασσού, modern Turkish: Halikarnas Mozolesi. "Mausoleion" meant "[building] dedicated to Mausolus".
- Kostof, Spiro (1985). A History of Architecture. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-19-503473-8.
- Gloag, John (1969) . Guide to Western Architecture (Revised Edition ed.). The Hamlyn Publishing Group. p. 362.CS1 maint: Extra text (link)
- Smith, William (1870). "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, page 744". Retrieved 2006-09-21.
- penelope.uchicago - The Tomb of Mausolus (W.R. Lethaby's reconstruction of the Mausoleum, 1908)