Meiō (明応), also known as Mei-ō, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Entoku and before Bunki. This period started in July 1492 and ended in February 1501. During this time, the emperors were Go-Tsuchimikado-tennō (後土御門天皇) and Go-Kashiwabara-tennō (後柏原天皇).
Events of the Meiō eraEdit
- 1492 (Meiō 1, 8th month): Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimura led an army into Ōmi Province.
- 1492 (Meiō 2, 1st month): The kampaku Ichijō Fuyuyoshi was named daijō-daijin.
- 1492 (Meiō 2, 2nd month): Shogun Yoshimura led an army against the daimyo of Kawachi Province.
- 1495 (Meiō 4): Statue of Kannon carved in the 8th century was lost to fire at Hase-dera in Nara.
- 12 September 1495 (Meiō 4, 24th day of the 8th month): Earthquake at Kashima (Latitude: 35.100/Longitude: 139.500), 7.1 magnitude on the Richter Scale.
- 9 July 1498 (Meiō 7, 20th day of the 6th month): Earthquake in the Enshunada Sea (Latitude: 34.400/Longitude: 137.700), 6.4 on the Richter Scale.
- 20 September 1498 (Meiō 7, 2nd day of the 7th month): Earthquake in the Enshunada Sea (Latitude: 34.000/Longitude: 138.100), 8.6 on the Richter Scale; and also on that same day, another earthquake in Nankaido (Latitude: 33.500/Longitude: 135.200), 7.5 on the Richter Scale.
- 21 October 1500 (Meiō 9, 28th day of the 9th month): Emperor Go-Tuschimikado died.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Mei-ō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 625.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Tsuchimikado Tennō," p. 265.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Kashiwabara Tennō," p. 255;Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 352-364.
- Titsingh, p. 364; the son of Shogun Yoshimi was named Yoshimura until 1501 when he changed his name to Yoshitane.
- Titsingh, p. 362.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hase-dera" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 291-292; Washizuka, Hiromitsu. (1997). Enlightenment embodied: the art of the Japanese Buddhist sculptor, p. 55.
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC): NOAA/Japan: Significant Earthquake Database; retrieved 2011-12-3.
- Titsingh, p. 363-364; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後土御門天皇 (103); retrieved 2012-5-23.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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