Mullah Muhammad Umar Mujahid (1959 - 23 April 2013) was the leader of the Taliban in Afghanistan. He was usually called Mullah Omar. Between 1996 and 2001, he was Afghanistan's de facto head of state. Three states officially recognised him under the title of 'Head of the Supreme Council'. He was born in 1959 in Kandahar Province of Afghanistan. He held the title Commander of the Faithful from the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
ملا محمد عمر
|Former Head of the Supreme Council of Afghanistan|
27 September 1996 – 13 November 2001
|Prime Minister||Mohammad Rabbani|
Abdul Kabir (Acting)
|Preceded by||Burhanuddin Rabbani (President of Afghanistan)|
|Succeeded by||Burhanuddin Rabbani (President of Afghanistan)|
Kandahar Province, Afghanistan
|Died||23 April 2013|
Zabul Province, Afghanistan
|Political party||Islamic and National Revolution Movement of Afghanistan|
Civil war in Afghanistan
War in North-West Pakistan
The United States put him on their most wanted list. They believe he sheltered Osama bin Laden, and some of his al-Quaeda group, directly before and after they committed the September 11 attacks. He was believed to be directing the Taliban in their war against Hamid Karzai's Government and foreign NATO troops in Afghanistan from Pakistan. Many people considered him to be a major terrorist.
Despite his political rank, and his high status on the FBI's wanted list, not much was publicly known about Omar. There are very few photos of him. A picture that was used by the media in 2002, shows another Taliban official, but not Omar. It is also debated how authoritative the images that exist really are.
On 29 July 2015, the Afghan government and state intelligence sources said that Omar had died in April 2013 two years previously in Karachi, Pakistan, of tuberculosis. Some Taliban sources denied that he had died; other sources considered the report to be speculative, designed to destabilise peace negotiations in Pakistan between the Afghan government and the Taliban. A Taliban spokesman said that they would issue a statement. Abdul Hassib Seddiqi, the spokesman for Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security, claimed: "We confirm officially that he is dead".
It was later learned that he died in Afghanistan, not Pakistan.
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