N Judah

San Francisco light rail line

The N Judah is a light rail line of the Muni Metro system in San Francisco, California. The line is named after Judah Street that it runs along for much of its length, and is named after railroad engineer, Theodore Judah.[2]

N Judah
N Judah logo.svg
Outbound N Judah train at 19th Avenue, June 2017.JPG
N Judah train on Judah Street at 19th Avenue in 2017.
OwnerSan Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency
LocaleSan Francisco, California
Termini4th and King
Judah and La Playa (Ocean Beach)
TypeLight rail/streetcar
SystemMuni Metro
Operator(s)San Francisco Municipal Railway
Rolling stockBreda LRV2/LRV3, Siemens LRV4
Daily ridership43,000 (2019)[1]
OpenedOctober 21, 1928 (1928-10-21)
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
ElectrificationOverhead lines, 600 V DC
Route diagram

4th and King enlarge…
E Embarcadero Caltrain
to Central Subway (2022)
2nd and King
MMX turnbacks
K Ingleside M Ocean View S Shuttle F Market & Wharves Bay Area Rapid TransitSan Francisco Ferry Building
F Market & Wharves Bay Area Rapid Transit
Union Square/​Market Street
Central Subway
F Market & Wharves Bay Area Rapid Transit
Civic Center
F Market & Wharves Bay Area Rapid Transit
BART to SFO and Millbrae
Van Ness
F Market & Wharves
Market Street Subway
Duboce Portal
K Ingleside M Ocean View T Third Street S Shuttle
to surface tracks on
Market Street (closed 1982)
Duboce and Church
J Church
Duboce and Noe
Carl and Cole
Carl and Stanyan
Carl and Hillway
Irving and Arguello /
Irving and 2nd Avenue
Irving and 5th Avenue /
Irving and 6th Avenue
Irving and 8th Avenue /
9th Avenue and Irving
Judah and 9th Avenue
Judah and 12th Avenue
Judah and Funston
Judah and 15th Avenue /
Judah and 16th Avenue
Judah and 19th Avenue
Judah and 22nd Avenue /
Judah and 23rd Avenue
Judah and 25th Avenue
Judah and 28th Avenue
30th Avenue wye
Judah and 31st Avenue
Judah and 34th Avenue
Judah and Sunset
Judah and 40th Avenue
Judah and 43rd Avenue
Judah and 46th Avenue
Judah and La Playa


As with all Muni lines, service begins around 5 a.m. on weekdays, 6 a.m. on Saturdays, and 8 a.m. on Sundays and holidays. Daytime headways are 10 minutes on weekdays and 12 minutes on weekends.[3][4]


A Boeing LRV newly in service on the N Judah, entering the Duboce Portal on Duboce Avenue, in March 1980.

On January 10, 1998, Muni opened the Muni Metro Extension to 4th and King/Caltrain. It was originally served by a temporary shuttle service, the E Embarcadero, which ran between Embarcadero station and 4th and King/Caltrain.[5][6] On August 22, 1998, the E Embarcadero line was removed and the N Judah line was extended to its place.[7]

A lot of service changes took place at the time when the T Third Street line began service in April of 2007. The N Judah was cut back to Embarcadero station; the surface part on the Embarcadero was served only by the T Third Street line, plus the J Church line at peak hours.[8] The changes were unpopular with the public; they caused big delays in the Market Street subway and made N Judah riders transfer to reach the Caltrain station when they did not before. On June 30, 2007, Muni reversed several of the changes; the J Church and N Judah were put back to their previous routes.[9]

Future plansEdit

Future plans, according to the SFMTA Rail Capacity Strategy, include a new subway tunnel that connects the Market Street subway to 9th Avenue. Additionally, the N Judah line will be rebuilt to run three-car trains. Further plans include a connection between the L Taraval and N Judah lines, which may run on 46th Avenue.[10]


  1. "Short Range Transit Plan: Fiscal Year 2019 - Fiscal Year 2030" (PDF). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. December 2019. p. 47.
  2. "San Francisco Street Names". Archived from the original on 2010-03-23. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
  3. "Weekday Frequency Guide". San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. "Weekend Frequency Guide". San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "Muni metro extends". Railway Gazette. October 1, 1998.
  6. Rojas, David; Phillips, Eric (March 2011). "Communications-Based Train Control (CBTC) Before/After Cost Effectiveness Study". Federal Transit Administration. p. 9.
  7. Epstein, Edward (26 August 1998). "Brown Tries To Soothe Muni Riders / Service on N-Judah line has been abysmal all week". Hearst Communications. SFGate. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  8. "Discover the T-Third" (PDF). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. 2007. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 14, 2007.
  9. "SFMTA announces service changes effective June 30, 2007" (Press release). San Francisco Transportation Agency. June 30, 2007. Archived from the original on June 24, 2007.
  10. "Draft Rail Capacity Strategy" (PDF). SFMTA. p. 32. Retrieved 28 July 2017.

Other websitesEdit