Nikolai Ryzhkov

Soviet official and Russian politician

Nikolai Ivanovich Ryzhkov (born 28 September 1929) is a former Soviet official. He became a Russian politician after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Ryzhkov was Boris Yeltsin's leading opponent in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) 1991 presidential election.

Nikolai Ryzhkov
Николай Рыжков
2019 Nikolay Ryzhkov.jpg
Nikolai Ryzhkov on 15 October 2019
Member of the State Duma
Federation Council
Assumed office
17 September 2003
ConstituencyBelgorod Oblast
Member of the State Duma
Federal Assembly
In office
17 December 1995 – 17 September 2003
ConstituencyBelgorod Oblast
Chairman of the Executive Committee of the People's Patriotic Union
In office
7 August 1996 – 1998
Preceded byNone—post established
Succeeded byFistul Zorkal'tsev
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
In office
27 September 1985 – 14 January 1991
Preceded byNikolai Tikhonov
Succeeded byValentin Pavlov
(as Prime Minister)
Personal details
Nikolai Ivanovich Ryzhkov

(1929-09-28) 28 September 1929 (age 93)
Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Political partyIndependent (present)
Other political
People's Patriotic Union
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Spouse(s)Ludmila Ryzhkova

Ryzhkov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour twice, the Order of the October Revolution in 1971, the Order of Lenin twice, and the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 4th class. He was named a National Hero of Armenia.[1]

In March 2014, after the Crimean crisis, Ryzhkov was sanctioned by both the European Union and United States.


  1. "27 years have passed since Spitak earthquake". Armenpress. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2016.