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Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

one of fifteen constituent republics of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1922 to 1991

The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic or in short, the Ukrainian SSR or Soviet Ukraine was in the southwestern part of the Soviet Union. It had the second largest population of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union. This lasted from 1922 to 1991.

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic[1]

Ukrainian: Українська Радянська Соціалістична Республіка
Russian: Украинская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! (Ukrainian)
"Proletari vsikh krayin, yednaitesia!" (transliteration)
"Workers of the world, unite!"
Anthem: Державний гімн Української Радянської Соціалістичної Республіки  (Ukrainian)
Derzhavnyy himn Ukrayins'koyi Radyans'koyi
Sotsialistychnoyi Respubliky

Location of the Ukrainian SSR within the Soviet Union from 1954
Location of the Ukrainian SSR within the Soviet Union from 1954
StatusSoviet Socialist Republic (1922–91)
CapitalKharkiv (1919–1934)[2]
Kiev (1934–1991)[3]
Common languagesUkrainian (official since 1990)a[4]
Ukrainian · Russian[5]
GovernmentUnitary Marxist-Leninist one-party Soviet-style socialist republic
First Secretary 
• 1918–1919 (first)
Emanuel Kviring
• 1990–1991 (last)
Stanislav Hurenko
Head of government 
• 1919–1923 (first)
Christian Rakovsky
• 1988–1991 (last)
Vitold Fokin
Head of state 
• 1919–1938 (first)
Grigory Petrovsky
• 1990–1991 (last)
Leonid Kravchuk
LegislatureSupreme Soviet[6]
Historical era20th century
• Declaration of the Ukrainian Soviet republic
10 March 1919
30 December 1922
15 November 1939
24 October 1945
• Priority of Ukrainian laws declared, Soviet laws partially abolished
10 July 1990
• Declaration of independence, Ukrainian SSR renamed to Ukraine
24 August 1991
1 December 1991
10 December 1991
• Dissolution of the Soviet Union (Ukraine's independence formally recognized)
26 December 1991
• Soviet government officially abolished (New constitution)
28 June 1996
1989 census603,700 km2 (233,100 sq mi)
CurrencySoviet karbovanets
Calling code7 03/04/05/06
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ukrainian People's Republic
Second Polish Republic
Kingdom of Romania
Reichskommissariat Ukraine
General Government
Polish People's Republic
Carpathian Ruthenia
Crimean Oblast
Kingdom of Romania
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Reichskommissariat Ukraine
General Government
Polish People's Republic
Today part of Ukraine
 Russia (some parts disputed)
  1. Law of Ukraine "About languages of the Ukrainian SSR"
Order of Lenin Order of Lenin
 Hero of the USSR Four Hero City awards

The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations.[7] It did not really have much power because it was tightly controlled by Moscow authorities. When the Soviet Union broke apart, the Ukrainian SSR became Ukraine.

During its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times. The eastern city of Kharkiv was the republic's first capital. However, in 1934, it was moved to the city of Kiev. Kiev is still the capital of Ukraine.


  1. Historical names:
    • 1919-1936: Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic (Russian: Украинская Социалистическая Советская Республика; Ukrainskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Sovetskaya Respublika, Ukrainian: Українська Соціалістична Радянська Республіка; Ukrainsyka Sotsialistichna Radyansyka Respublika)
    • 1936-1991: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Russian: Украинская Советская Социалистическая Республика; Ukrainskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika, (Ukrainian: Українська Радянська Соціалістична Республіка; Ukrainsyka Radyansyka Sotsialistichna Respublika)
  2. "History" (in Ukrainian). Kharkiv Oblast Government Administration. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  3. Soviet Encyclopedia of the History of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. 1969–1972.
  4. Law of Ukraine "About languages of the Ukrainian SSR"
  5. Language Policy in the Soviet Union by Lenore Grenoble, Springer Science+Business Media, 2003, ISBN 978-1-4020-1298-3.
  6. History of Ukraine - The Land and Its Peoples by Paul Robert Magocsi, University of Toronto Press, 2010, ISBN 1442640855
  7. "Activities of the Member States - Ukraine". United Nations. Retrieved 2011-01-17.

Coordinates: 50°27′N 30°30′E / 50.450°N 30.500°E / 50.450; 30.500