No Fixed Address
No Fixed Address is an Australian Aboriginal reggae rock band. It formed in 1979 in North Adelaide. The band members came from an Aboriginal mission in Ceduna. Bart Willoughby is the lead singer and played drums. Ricky Harrison plays rhythm guitar and was the band's main songwriter. Leslie Lovegrove Freeman is the lead guitarist. John Miller plays bass guitar. All the original members were related through family ties.
No Fixed Address
|Origin||Adelaide, South Australia|
|Years active||1979–1985, 1987–1988, 2008|
|Associated acts||Mixed Relations|
|Past members||see Members list|
No Fixed Address began as a pub rock group in South Australia. It played its first concert on National Aboriginal Day held at Taperoo in 1979. In 1980, the band made a movie called Wrong Side of the Road with another band, Us Mob. The movie was about the different receptions they received in Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities. With the recording of the movie's soundtrack, No Fixed Address and Us Mob became some of the first Aboriginal rock bands to be recorded.
In 1982, the band released its first album, From My Eyes. The album was launched at the Hilton Hotel by Prime Minister Bob Hawke. The band toured Australia in 1982, in support of Peter Tosh. After this, the band became the first Aboriginal band to travel overseas. They played at nine cities in Great Britain.
The band's didgeridoo player, Billy Inda, played the didgeridoo on a song from Goanna's album, Spirit of Place, in 1982. The song, "Solid Rock", peaked at No. 3 in October on the Kent Music Report Singles Chart. It is the first charting rock song to feature the didgeridoo.
The band released "We Have Survived" in 1984. The song has become an unofficial anthem for many of Australia's indigenous peoples. It was added to the National Film and Sound Archive's Sounds of Australia registry in 2008.
No Fixed Address has broken up several times. The first time was in 1984, when Willoughby joined his cousin Bunna Lawrie's band, Coloured Stone. They reformed in 1987 to tour through Europe. They played at the East Berlin Festival in the same year. In late 1988, Willoughby joined Yothu Yindi and as result the group broke up again. The band reformed again in 2008.
- Bart Willoughby – drums, vocals, guitar, didgeridoo (1979–1985, 1987–1988, 2008–current)
- Selwyn Burns – guitar
- Joe Geia – vocals, percussion, didgeridoo (1982–1983)
- Les Graham – guitar (1979–1983)
- Ricky Harrison – guitar (1979–1985)
- Joe Hayes – bass (1982)
- Billy Inda – percussion, didgeridoo (1982)
- Chris Jones – guitar (1982–1985)
- Les Lovegrove – guitar (1987–1988, 2008)
- Rick Lovegrove – guitar (1987–1988, 2008)
- Louis McManus – guitar (1984–1985)
- John 'John' Miller – bass (1979–1985, 1987–1988, 2008)
- Nicky Moffatt – bass (1983–1985)
- Veronica Rankine – vocals, saxophone, flute (1979–1985)
- Peter Meredith – guitar (1983–1984)
- Billy Goreham – bass (1982 -1983)
- Wrong Side of the Road (Soundtrack with Us Mob) – Black Australia/EMI (1981) AUS No. 67
- From My Eyes – Rough Diamond/Astor/PolyGram (RDM 8804) (1982) AUS No. 77
- "From My Eyes"/"We Have Survived" – Rough Diamond (RDS 3511) (1982)
- Garofalo, Reebee (1992). Rockin' the Boat: Mass Music and Mass Movements. South End Press. p. 161. ISBN 0-89608-427-2.
- Hawker, Philippa (5 February 2014). "Bart Willoughby is an organ donor, note by note, on the Melbourne Town Hall organ". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Thomas G. Donovan; Brody T. Lorraine (2002). Media Ethics, an Aboriginal Film and the Australian Film Commission. iUniverse. p. 16. ISBN 978-05952526-6-4.
- Dwyer, Michael (20 October 2006). "History wars, the musical". The Age. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- Tatoulis, John. "No Fixed Address on Tour". Creative Spirits. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- McFarlane 'Goanna' entry. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. NOTE: Used for Australian Singles and Albums charting from 1974 until Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) created their own charts in mid-1988. In 1992, Kent back calculated chart positions for 1970–1974.
- Clough, Brent (2003). "Jamming Down-Under: Bob Marley's Legacy and Reggae Culture in Australia and New Zealand". In Eleanor Wint, Carolyn Cooper (ed.). Bob Marley: The Man and His Music : a Selection of Papers Presented at the Conference Marley's Music, Reggae, Rastafari, and Jamaican Culture, Held at the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, 5–6 February 1995. Arawak publications. p. 30. ISBN 976-95047-9-3.
"We Have Survived" has become an unofficial anthem of black pride and resilience.
- "Sounds of Australia Registry". National Film and Sound Archive.
- Patrice Ann Power; Brody T. Lorraine (2008). Bardoo Mai & Other Indigenous Things. Lulu.com. ISBN 978-18479958-3-4.
- "Gurrumul dominates NIMAs". Deadly Vibe. Vibe Australia. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- O'Toole, Kate (20 September 2011). "Bunna Lawrie and Coloured Stone perform at the NIMAs". ABC Radio. Retrieved 6 May 2013.