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Oliver Ellsworth

American lawyer and politician, third Chief Justice of the United States

Oliver Ellsworth (April 29, 1745 – November 26, 1807) was an American lawyer and politician. He was against British rule, a drafter of the United States Constitution, United States Senator from Connecticut, and the third Chief Justice of the United States.

Oliver Ellsworth
Oliver ellsworth.jpeg
3rd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
March 4, 1796 – September 30, 1800[1]
Nominated byGeorge Washington
Preceded byJohn Rutledge
Succeeded byJohn Marshall
United States Senator
from Connecticut
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 8, 1796
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byJames Hillhouse
Personal details
Born(1745-04-29)April 29, 1745
Windsor, Connecticut, Thirteen Colonies, British Empire
DiedNovember 26, 1807(1807-11-26) (aged 62)
Windsor, Connecticut, United States
Spouse(s)Abigail Wolcott
Alma materYale University
College of New Jersey (Now Princeton University)

While at the Federal Convention, Ellsworth moved to strike the word National from the motion made by Edmund Randolph of Virginia. Randolph had moved successfully to call the government the National Government of United States. Ellsworth moved that the government should continue to be called the United States Government.


  1. "Federal Judicial Center: Oliver Ellsworth". 2009-12-12. Retrieved 2009-12-12.

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