John Rutledge

chief justice of the United States in 1795

John Rutledge (September 17, 1739 – July 23, 1800) was an American statesman and judge. He was the first Governor of South Carolina, following the signing of the United States Constitution.

John Rutledge
2nd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
June 30, 1795 – December 28, 1795
Nominated byGeorge Washington
Preceded byJohn Jay
Succeeded byOliver Ellsworth
Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
In office
September 26, 1789 – March 4, 1791
Nominated byGeorge Washington
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byThomas Johnson
31st Governor of South Carolina
In office
January 9, 1779 – January 31, 1782
LieutenantThomas Bee (1779–1780)
Christopher Gadsden (1780–1782)
Preceded byRawlins Lowndes
Succeeded byJohn Mathews
In office
July 4, 1776 – March 7, 1778
(as President of South Carolina)
LieutenantHenry Laurens (1776–1777)
James Parsons (1777–1778)
Preceded byHenry Laurens (as President of the Committee on Safety)
Succeeded byRawlins Lowndes
Delegate from South Carolina to the First Continental Congress
In office
September 5, 1776 – October 26, 1776
Delegate from South Carolina to the Stamp Act Congress
In office
October 7, 1765 – October 25, 1765
Personal details
Born(1739-09-17)September 17, 1739
Charleston, South Carolina
DiedJuly 23, 1800(1800-07-23) (aged 60)
Charleston, South Carolina
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Grimke
ChildrenMartha Henrietta
Edward James
Frederick Wilkes
William Spencer
Charles Wilson
States Whitcomb
Alma materMiddle Temple

He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, where he chaired a committee that wrote much of what was included in the final version of the United States Constitution,[1] which he also signed.

He served as an Associate Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court, and was the second Chief Justice of the Court from July to December 1795. He was the elder brother of Edward Rutledge, a signatory of the Declaration of Independence.


  1. Stewart, David. "The Summer of 1787". p168

Other websites