Orion is a spacecraft built by Lockheed Martin for NASA. Each Orion spacecraft will be able to carry up to six astronauts. The Orion vehicle will be launched on the Space Launch System. The first launch (Exploration Flight Test-1) was on the Delta IV Heavy.
An artist's picture of the Orion spacecraft
|Manufacturer||Lockheed Martin |
|Country of origin||United States of America|
|Applications||Beyond LEO exploration|
|Spacecraft type||Space capsule|
|Design life||21 days, 2 hours and 24 minutes|
|Launch mass||Capsule: 10,387 kilograms (22,899 pounds) |
Service module: 15,461 kilograms (34,086 pounds)
Total: 25,848 kilograms (56,985 pounds)
|Dimensions||3.3 by 5 metres (11 by 16 feet)|
|Volume||Pressurized: 19.56 kilometres (12.15 miles) |
Habitable: 8.95 m3 (316 cu ft)
|First launch||Exploration Flight Test 1 |
December 5, 2014
|Last launch||Exploration Flight Test 1 |
December 5, 2014
Orion was first made for the Constellation program in 2004, as the Orion CEV (Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle). It was meant to be launched on the Ares I rocket. Then it would be able to go to the International Space Station. It was also planned to go to a spacecraft launched in pieces on different Ares V rockets, and the spacecraft with the Orion would go to the Moon, Mars, or another place.
On October 11, 2010, Constellation was cancelled. They created a new program and a new rocket called the Space Launch System, and changed the name of Orion to the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle. This rocket will launch Orion for going to the Moon in 2022 and the Mars in 2033.
- "NASA Authorization Act of 2010". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Bergin, Chris (July 10, 2012). "NASA ESD set key Orion requirement based on Lunar missions". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Moskowitz, Clara (November 2014). "Deep Space or Bust". Scientific American. 311 (6): 20. Bibcode:2014SciAm.311f..20M. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1214-20.
- "Orion Quick facts" (PDF). NASA. August 4, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
- "Preliminary Report Regarding NASA's Space Launch System and Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle" (PDF). NASA. January 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Fountain, Henry (December 5, 2014). "NASA's Orion Spacecraft Splashes Down in Pacific After Test Flight". New York Times. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- "NASA Moon and Mars". nasa.gov. Retrieved 2019-05-21.