ethnolinguistic region located on both sides of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, largely inhabited by the Ossetians

Ossetia (/ɒˈsɛtjə, ɒˈsʃə/;[1] Ossetian: Ир, Ирыстон, romanized: Ir, Iryston; Russian: Осетия, romanized: Osetiya; Georgian: ოსეთი) is a region in the Greater Caucasus Mountains. Most people living there are ethnic Ossetians. The Ossetian language is part of the Eastern Iranian branch of the family of Indo-European languages.[2] Most countries recognise the southern area as part of Georgia. But, Russia has created a Republic of South Ossetia there. Most countries do not recognize the Republic of South Ossetia as an independent country.[3][4][5][6] The northern part of the region is the republic of North Ossetia–Alania in the Russian Federation.

Map showing North and South Ossetia when they were part of the Soviet Union


  1. "Ossetia". Collins English Dictionary.
  2. Foltz, Richard (2022). The Ossetes: Modern-Day Scythians of the Caucasus. London: Bloomsbury. p. 1. ISBN 9780755618453.
  3. Group, International Crisis (2010). "APPENDIX B: MAP OF SOUTH OSSETIA". South Ossetia: Page 25–Page 25 – via JSTOR.
  4. STEPANOVA, EKATERINA (2008). "SOUTH OSSETIA AND ABKHAZIA: PLACING THE CONFLICT IN CONTEXT". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute – via JSTOR. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. Manutscharjan, Aschot (2008). "ABKHAZIA AND SOUTH OSSETIA – RUSSIA'S INTERVENTION IN GEORGIA (AUGUST 2008)". Konrad Adenauer Stiftung – via JSTOR. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. Markedonov, Sergey (2015), Bebler, Anton (ed.), "The South Ossetia conflict", “Frozen conflicts" in Europe (1 ed.), Verlag Barbara Budrich, pp. 111–118, ISBN 978-3-8474-0133-9, JSTOR j.ctvdf0bmg.11, retrieved 2022-03-16