The Outer Hebrides, often called the Western Isles, make up an island chain off the west coast of Scotland. It is also a parliamentary constituency. The northern island is Lewis and Harris. South of Lewis and Harris is a series of islands, such as South Uist, Benbecula and North Uist. The Outer Herides includes a number of even smaller islands.
|Gaelic name||Na h-Eileanan Siar|
|Meaning of name||Western Isles|
Outer Hebrides shown within Scotland
|OS grid reference|
|Area||3,058 km2 (1,181 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||Clisham 799 m (2,621 ft)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Council area||Comhairle nan Eilean Siar|
|Population density||8 per km2|
Formerly the dominant language of the Islands, Scottish Gaelic remains spoken even though it has now been largely supplanted by English in some parts.
The Western Isles became part of the Suðreyjar kingdom of the Norse, who ruled for over 400 years until sovereignty was transferred to Scotland by the Treaty of Perth in 1266. Control of the islands was then held by clan chiefs.
Geology & geographyEdit
Most of the islands have a bedrock formed from ancient metamorphic rocks and the climate is mild and oceanic. The Gulf Stream runs nearby. The 15 inhabited islands have a total population of about 26,500 and there are more than 50 substantial uninhabited islands.
Flora and faunaEdit
Much of the archipelago is a protected habitat including both the islands and the surrounding waters. There are 53 Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) of which the largest are Loch an Duin, North Uist at 15,100 hectares (37,000 acres) and North Harris, which is 12,700 hectares (31,000 acres) in extent.
Historical footnote: Many websites of the Outer Hebrides derive content from the Eolas Virtual Hebrides, website. This was once the largest rural website in the world.[source?] Eolas went bankrupt in 2000 and the Eolas TV company became MacTV. The web design team became Reefnet and the content has largely found a home on GlobalGuide.Org.
Sites deriving partly from the original Virtual Hebrides
- Hebrides.com Photographic website from ex-Eolas Sam Maynard
- Global Guide Hebrides Content website from ex-Eolas Scott Hatton
- www.visithebrides.com Western Isles Tourist Board site from Reefnet
- Virtual Hebrides.com Content from the VH which went its own way and became Virtual Scotland.
- hebrides.ca Home of the Quebec-Hebridean Scots who were cleared from Lewis to Quebec 1838-1920's
Other Outer Hebrides websites
- Outer Hebrides travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Stornoway Port Authority
- Comhairle nan Eilean Siar
- 2001 Census Results for the Outer Hebrides Archived 2007-03-10 at the Wayback Machine
- Visitor's guide to Stornoway
- Hebridean-Life.com - a Guide to Living in the Outer Hebrides Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine
- "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
- Thompson (1968) p. 14
- "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2016". Office for National Statistics. 22 June 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
- Although officially known by the Gaelic name, Na h-Eileanan Siar, this name is not understood in English.
- "Western Isles transitional programme strategy" Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine Comhairle nan Eilean Siar. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
- Rotary Club (1995) p. 10
- "Loch Druidibeg National Nature Reserve: where opposites meet". Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine (pdf) SNH. Retrieved 29 July 2007.