The Panaro (Latin: Scultenna) is a river of northeastern Italy, the last important right tributary of the Po river. It starts in the Northern Apennines mountain range and flows through the Emilia-Romagna region.
Bridge of Olina
|- left||Guerro, Tiepido|
|Cities||Modena, Vignala, Finale Emilia, Bondeno|
|Source||Foce a Giovo|
|- location||Apennines, Emilia-Romagna, Italy|
|- elevation||1,600 m (5,249 ft)|
|- elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|Length||148 km (92 mi)|
|Basin||2,292 km² (885 sq mi)|
|- average||37 m³/s (1,307 cu ft/s)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Panaro River|
From here it flows to the northeast down the valley. At Pievepelago (in the Modena province), its name changes to Scoltenna. Finally, the name is changed to Panaro after the confluence of the Scoltena and the Leo stream in the Montespecchio valley, Pavullo nel Frignano.
It borders the Parco regionale dei Sassi di Roccamalatina ("Regional Park of the Sassi di Roccamalatina") and keeps flowing to the north. South of Modena, in Ponte Guerro, it is joined by the Guerro stream and in Fossalta, a place to the east of Modena, it is joined, as a left tributary, by the Tiepido stream, its main tributary.
At Bomporto, the river joins the Naviglio de Modena ("Modena canal or waterway") and can be navigated until its confluence with the Po, on the border with the Veneto region and to the west of Ferrara.
The Panaro flows mainly through the province of Modena but it also flows for a short distance in the Ferrara province after Finale Emilia. It flows through several comunes; some of them, all in the Modena province, Emilia-Romagna region, are:
The tributaries of the Panaro river are small streams; the most importants are the Guerro (25 km [16 mi]) and the Tiepido (29.5 km [18.3 mi]); they join the Panaro from the left side.
- "Panaro" (in Italian). Treccani.it - Enciclopedie on line. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
- "Linee generali di assetto idraulico e idrogeologico nel bacino del Panaro" (PDF) (in Italian). Autorità di bacino del fiume Po. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Panaro River.|
- Fiumi italiani - Fiume Panaro (in Italian)