river in Italy
Coordinates: 44°55′00″N 11°25′00″E / 44.91667°N 11.41667°E / 44.91667; 11.41667

The Panaro (Latin: Scultenna) is a river of northeastern Italy, the last important right tributary of the Po river. It starts in the Northern Apennines mountain range and flows through the Emilia-Romagna region.

Bridge of Olina
Bridge of Olina
Country Italy
State Northern Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Provinces Modena
 - left Guerro, Tiepido
Cities Modena, Vignala, Finale Emilia, Bondeno
Source Foce a Giovo
 - location Apennines, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
 - elevation 1,600 m (5,249 ft)
Mouth Po river
 - elevation m (26 ft)
 - coordinates 44°55′00″N 11°25′00″E / 44.91667°N 11.41667°E / 44.91667; 11.41667
Length 148 km (92 mi)
Basin 2,292 km² (885 sq mi)
 - average 37 /s (1,307 cu ft/s)
Location of the Panaro river in Italy
Location of the Panaro river in Italy
Wikimedia Commons: Panaro River


Scoltenna (Panaro) river

The Panaro river has a length of 148 km (92 mi), and a drainage basin with an area of approximately 2,292 km2 (885 sq mi).[1]


The Scoltenna (Panaro) in Pievepelago

The Panaro river, with the name Rio delle Tagliole, starts in the northern Apennines where Emilia-Romagna meets Tuscany, in the place called Foce a Giovo near the Monte Cimone.

From here it flows to the northeast down the valley. At Pievepelago (in the Modena province), its name changes to Scoltenna.[1] Finally, the name is changed to Panaro after the confluence of the Scoltena and the Leo stream in the Montespecchio valley, Pavullo nel Frignano.[2]

It borders the Parco regionale dei Sassi di Roccamalatina ("Regional Park of the Sassi di Roccamalatina") and keeps flowing to the north. South of Modena, in Ponte Guerro, it is joined by the Guerro stream and in Fossalta, a place to the east of Modena, it is joined, as a left tributary, by the Tiepido stream, its main tributary.[2]

At Bomporto, the river joins the Naviglio de Modena ("Modena canal or waterway") and can be navigated until its confluence with the Po, on the border with the Veneto region and to the west of Ferrara.

The Panaro river flows through the cities of Vignola, Finale Emilia and Bondeno and just to the east of Modena.

Of historical and artistic interest is the bridge of Olina (44°17′55″N 10°46′58″E / 44.298474°N 10.782833°E / 44.298474; 10.782833), built in 1522 across the river (still called Scoltenna) near the town of the same name, in the commune of Pavullo nel Frignano

The Panaro flows mainly through the province of Modena but it also flows for a short distance in the Ferrara province after Finale Emilia. It flows through several comunes; some of them, all in the Modena province, Emilia-Romagna region, are:

Main tributariesEdit

The tributaries of the Panaro river are small streams; the most importants are the Guerro (25 km [16 mi]) and the Tiepido (29.5 km [18.3 mi]); they join the Panaro from the left side.

Related pagesEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Panaro" (in Italian). - Enciclopedie on line. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Linee generali di assetto idraulico e idrogeologico nel bacino del Panaro" (PDF) (in Italian). Autorità di bacino del fiume Po. Retrieved 27 September 2016.[permanent dead link]

Other websitesEdit