tropical wetland mostly within Brazil, and portions in Bolivia and Paraguay

The Pantanal is the world's largest wetland or swamp.[1]

The location of the Pantanal in South America is highlighted. Most of it lies in Brazil, but parts of it are also in Bolivia and Paraguay.

It covers a region of 140,000 km2, larger than the area covered by the country Greece.[1]

The Pantanal is in South America and shared by Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay.[1]

There are many threats to the Pantanal such as pollution, mercury from gold mining and ranching. Although the Pantanal can wash some of the chemicals away, the increased amount is becoming a concern.

Wildlife is surprisingly diverse: about 3,500 species of plants, 650 species of birds, 230 species of fish, 80 species of mammals, 50 species of reptiles. In 1996, there were about 10 million crocodiles. Within the Pantanal there are a number of specially protected natural areas, including the Pantanal Nature Reserve, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2]

In winter nearly 80% of the area is flooded.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Pantanal in South America declared "Threatened Lake of the Year 2007"". Ramsar Convention Secretariat. February 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  2. Description of the Pantanal Nature Reserve
  3. Male, Tim (2001). "Pantanal (NT0907)". Ecoregion profile: Neotropical > Flooded Grasslands and Savannas. Worl Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2008-10-24.