People's Liberation Army
The People's Liberation Army (or simply PLA) is the armed forces of the Communist Party of China. The army was established (founded) on August 1, 1927. The People's Liberation Army is the largest military force in the world. It has about 2,250,000 personnel or employees (about 0.18% of the population of China) under the Central Military Commission.
|People's Liberation Army|
|Founded||August 1, 1927|
|Service branches|| PLA Ground Force|
PLA Air Force
Second Artillery Corps
|Leaders of Central Military Commission||Xi Jinping (Chairman)|
Fan Changlong (Vice-chairman)
Xu Qiliang (Vice-chairman)
|Minister of National Defense||General Chang Wanquan|
|Chief of PLA General Staff||General Fang Fenghui|
|385,821,101 males, age 16–49 (2010 est),|
363,789,674 females, age 16–49 (2010 est)
|318,265,016 males, age 16–49 (2010 est),|
300,323,611 females, age 16–49 (2010 est)
|10,406,544 males (2010 est),|
9,131,990 females (2010 est)
|Active personnel||approximately 2,285,000(about 0.18% of population)  (ranked 1st)|
|Deployed personnel||Overseas: ~300 anti-pirate personnel in Somalia |
Paramilitary: approximately 1,500,000
Total: 4,585,000~  (ranked 6th)
|Budget||US$119 billion (2013) (ranked 2nd)|
|Percent of GDP||1.46% (2012 est.)|
|Foreign suppliers||Russia |
|Annual imports|| Israel|
|Annual exports|| Indonesia|
|History||History of the PLA|
Modernization of the PLA
The PLA consists of five main branches: the PLA Ground Force, PLA Navy (PLAN), PLA Air Force (PLAAF), Second Artillery Corps (strategic missile force), and the PLA Reserve Force. Military service is compulsory (required) of for all men and women who reach the age of 18.
- IISS 2010, pp. 398–404
- "Military Strength of China". Globalfirepower.com. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
- "Chinese Military Overview". SinoDefence.com. Retrieved Aug 17, 2012.
- Chinese People's Armed Police Force (CAPF)
- "China Boosts Defense Spending as Military Modernizes Arsenal". Bloomberg. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
- "China / Aircraft / Jianjiji / Fighter". GlobalSecurity.org.