People's Liberation Army

armed wing of the Chinese Communist Party and principal military force of the People's Republic of China

The People's Liberation Army (or simply PLA) is the armed forces of the Communist Party of China. The army was established (founded) on 1 August 1927. The People's Liberation Army is the largest military force in the world. It has about 2,250,000 personnel or employees (about 0.18% of the population of China) under the Central Military Commission.

People's Liberation Army
Emblem of the People's Liberation Army
Founded1 August 1927
Service branches PLA Ground Force

PLA Navy

PLA Air Force

Second Artillery Corps
Leaders of Central Military CommissionXi Jinping (Chairman)
Zhang Youxia (Vice-chairman)
He Weidong (Vice-chairman)
Xu Qiliang (Vice-chairman)
Minister of National DefenseGeneral Li Shangfu
Chief of PLA General StaffGeneral Liu Zhenli
Military age18–49
ConscriptionNone enforced
Available for
military service
385,821,101 males, age 16–49 (2010 est),
363,789,674 females, age 16–49 (2010 est)
Fit for
military service
318,265,016 males, age 16–49 (2010 est),
300,323,611 females, age 16–49 (2010 est)
Reaching military
age annually
10,406,544 males (2010 est),
9,131,990 females (2010 est)
Active personnelapproximately 2,285,000(about 0.18% of population) [1][2] (ranked 1st)
Reserve personnel800,000[1][2][3]
Deployed personnelOverseas: ~300 anti-pirate personnel in Somalia [1]
Paramilitary: approximately 1,500,000[1][2][4]
Total: 4,585,000~ [1][2] (ranked 6th)
BudgetUS$119 billion (2013)[5] (ranked 2nd)
Percent of GDP1.46% (2012 est.)
Foreign suppliers Russia [6]
Annual imports Israel
 United States
Annual exports Indonesia
 United Kingdom
Related articles
HistoryHistory of the PLA
Modernization of the PLA
Air Force

The PLA consists of five main branches: the PLA Ground Force, PLA Navy (PLAN), PLA Air Force (PLAAF), Second Artillery Corps (strategic missile force), and the PLA Reserve Force. Military service is compulsory (required) of for all men and women who reach the age of 18.

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 IISS 2010, pp. 398–404
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Military Strength of China". Retrieved 1 April 2011.
  3. "Chinese Military Overview". Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  4. Chinese People's Armed Police Force (CAPF)
  5. "China Boosts Defense Spending as Military Modernizes Arsenal". Bloomberg. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  6. "China / Aircraft / Jianjiji / Fighter".