Petah Tikva

city in Israel

Petah Tikva, is a city in western Israel. Hebrew: פתח תקווה , Arab: بتاح تكفا , meaning opening.

Petah Tikva

פתח תקווה
بتاح تكفا
Koblenz Square
Koblenz Square
Coat of arms of Petah Tikva
Coat of arms
Em HaMoshavot
DistrictCentral District
 • MayorItzik Braverman
 • Total35.868 km2 (13.849 sq mi)
15 m (49 ft)
 • Total230,984
 • Density6,440/km2 (16,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (Israel Standard Time (IST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (Israel Summer Time (IDT))
Area code(s)+972 (Israel) +3 (Central District)
WebsitePetah Tikva Website

of hope, other spellings: Petah Tiqwa (official) and Petach Tikvah (unofficial), is a city in the Central District of Israel. It is 11 km east from Tel Aviv and belongs to the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area. About 231,000 people were living there in 2015 and by that it is the fifth-largest city of the country. About 70,000 of them are Orthodox Jews.

European Orthodox Jews established the settlement in 1878 and named it Petah Tikva after a prophecy of Hosea. Because of this, it is the oldest agricultural settlement erected by Zionist Jews in the 19th century and therefore nicknamed Em HaMoshavot, meaning mother of the moshavot. The new settlement was attacked by raiders in 1886, a few guards volunteered to keep it safe from raiders, in total the settlement had six guards, the last and most famous out of them is Avraham Shapira, his original house stand til this day intact. It obtained city status in 1937.

The city is low-lying. The Yarkon River flows north of Petah Tikva.

Petah Tikva comes second in industrial activities. Many (Israeli divisions of) high-tech and communications companies are headquartered here. The city used to be surrounded by a lot of citrus plantations but due to urban expansion this is no longer the case.

The city has about 300 synagogues, the same number of educational institutions, and six hospitals, among them the Rabin Medical Center.

Several highways are close by, like Highway 4 in the west, Trans-Samaria Highway in the north, and Trans-Israel Highway in the east.

Yarkon Cemetery is in Petah Tikva and is the most important cemetery of the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area.

Well-known peopleEdit

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Petah Tikva at Wikimedia Commons

Bus-only lane in Petah Tikva
The Great Synagogue
Azorim high-tech park
Petah Tikva during the 1920s
Municipality building of Petah Tikva
A part of the city
View at Petah Tikva