Pope Benedict XII
Pope Benedict XII (Latin: Benedictus Duodecimus; died April 25, 1342), born Jacques Fournier, was a French priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 198th Pope from 1334 to 1342.
|Papacy began||December 20, 1334|
|Papacy ended||April 25, 1342|
|Predecessor||Pope John XXII|
|Successor||Pope Clement VI|
|Birth name||Jacques Fourier|
|Died||April 25, 1342|
|Other popes named Benedict|
He was the third of the seven popes who lived in Avignon in France.
Jacques Fournier is believed to have been born in Saverdun in the Comté de Foix near Toulouse.
He became a Cistercian monk; and he studied at the University of Paris.
In 1311, he was made Abbot of Fontfroide Abbey.
In 1317, Fourier was made bishop of Pamiers.
Pope John XXIII made Fourier a cardinal in 1327.
Cardinal Fourier was elected pope in 1335; and he chose to be called Benedict XII.
Pope Benedict was involved in Italian and European political disputes.
Benedict XII ordered the construction of the Palais des Papes in Avignon.
- ↑ "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 "Pope Benedict XII," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-3.
- ↑ Note on ordinal numbering: Popes Benedict XI–XVI are really the 10th–15th popes with that name. This is because Benedict X is now parsed as an antipope; but during the reign of Benedict XI, this was not recognized. The "true" or actual eleventh pope Benedict identified himself with the ordinal number XII. In other words, the numbering of popes after the 10th Benedict needs to be explained -- compare Popes Boniface VIII–IX.
Media related to Benedictus XII at Wikimedia Commons
- . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Catholic Hierarchy, Pope Benedict XII
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Fourier