Pope Callixtus III

Pope from 1455 to 1458 from the Borgia family

Pope Callixtus III (Latin: Callistus Tertius; December 31, 1378–August 6, 1458),[1] born Alfonso de Borja, was an Spanish official of the Roman Catholic Church and the 210th Pope from April 8, 1455 until his death.[2]

Pope

Callixtus III
Bishop of Rome
Alfonso de Borja, obispo de Valencia y papa Calixto III (cropped).jpg
Papacy began8 April 1455
Papacy ended6 August 1458
PredecessorNicholas V
SuccessorPius II
Orders
Consecration31 August 1429
by Pierre de Foix
Created cardinal2 May 1444
by Eugene IV
Personal details
Birth nameAlfons de Borja
BornTemplate:Dob
Died6 August 1458(1458-08-06) (aged 79)
Rome, Papal States
ChildrenFrancisco de Borja
Previous post
Coat of armsCallixtus III's coat of arms
Other popes named Callixtus

Early lifeEdit

Borja was born near Valencia on December 31, 1378.[3]

BishopEdit

Martin V named Borja bishop of Valencia in 1429.[3]

CardinalEdit

In 1444, Eugene IV made Borja or "Borgia"[4] a cardinal.[5]

PopeEdit

After Nicholas V died, Cardinal Borgia was elected pope on April 8, 1455. He chose to be called Callixtus III.[6]

In 1456, Callixtus authorized a review of the trial of Joan of Arc; and she was found innocent.[7]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. The pope's name is also spelled "Callistus"
  2. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2012-6-22.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Pope Callistus III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.
  4. The Italian spelling for the pope's name was "Borgia".
  5. Beckett, William. (1836). "Callixtus III," A Universal Biography, Vol. 1, p. 633.
  6. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1836). "Calixtus III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 6, p. 162.
  7. "Joan of Arc", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Callistus III at Wikimedia Commons

  •   "Pope Callistus III" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |HIDE_PARAMETER= (help)
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Borja, Alfonso de
Preceded by
Nicholas V
Pope
1455–1458
Succeeded by
Pius II