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Pope Callixtus III

Pope from 1455 to 1458

Pope Callixtus III (Latin: Callistus Tertius; December 31, 1378–August 6, 1458),[1] born Alfonso de Borja, was an Spanish official of the Roman Catholic Church and the 210th Pope from April 8, 1455 until his death.[2]

Callixtus III
Papacy beganApril 8, 1455
Papacy endedAugust 6, 1458
PredecessorPope Nicholas V
SuccessorPope Pius II
Personal details
Birth nameAlfonso Borja or Borgia
BornDecember 31, 1378
Valencia, Spain
Died(1458-08-06)August 6, 1458
Rome
Other Popes named Callixtus

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Borja was born near Valencia on December 31, 1378.[3]

BishopEdit

Martin V named Borja bishop of Valencia in 1429.[3]

CardinalEdit

In 1444, Eugene IV made Borja or "Borgia"[4] a cardinal.[5]

PopeEdit

After Nicholas V died, Cardinal Borgia was elected pope on April 8, 1455. He chose to be called Callixtus III.[6]

In 1456, Callixtus authorized a review of the trial of Joan of Arc; and she was found innocent.[7]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

 
Coat of arms of Calixtus
  1. The pope's name is also spelled "Callistus"
  2. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2012-6-22.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Pope Callistus III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.
  4. The Italian spelling for the pope's name was "Borgia".
  5. Beckett, William. (1836). "Callixtus III," A Universal Biography, Vol. 1, p. 633.
  6. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1836). "Calixtus III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 6, p. 162.
  7. "Joan of Arc", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Callistus III at Wikimedia Commons

  •   "Pope Callistus III" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Borja, Alfonso de
Preceded by
Nicholas V
Pope
1455–1458
Succeeded by
Pius II