Pope Pius II
Pope Pius II (Latin: Pius Secundus; 18 October 1405 – 14 August 1464), born Enea Silvio Piccolomini , was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 211th Pope from August 19, 1458 until his death in 1464.
|Papacy began||19 August 1458|
|Papacy ended||14 August 1464|
|Predecessor||Pope Callixtus III|
|Successor||Pope Paul II|
|Birth name||Enea Silvio Piccolomini|
|Born||October 18, 1405|
|Died||August 14, 1464(aged 58)|
|Other popes named Pius|
Pius II was born at Corsignano, which is near Siena. He was the oldest of 18 children.
He studied at the University of Siena.
In 1447, Pope Nicholas V made Piccolomini Bishop of Trieste. In 1450, he was made Bishop of Siena.
In 1456, Pope Calixtus III raised Bishop Piccolomini to the rank of cardinal.
Cardinal Piccolomini was elected pope in 1458. The pope chose to be called "Pius" because of the adjective pious which recurs in the phrase "pius Aeneas" in Virgil's Aeneid.
Pope Pius was involved in Italian and European political disputes.
According to Niccolò Machiavelli, "Pius showed himself mindful above all of the welfare of Christendom and of the honour of the Church, independent of any private passion or interest of his own."
St. Catherine of Siena was canonized during his reign.
In a statistical overview derived from writings by and about Pope Pius II, OCLC/WorldCat includes roughly 20+ works in 30+ publications in 5 languages and 120+ library holdings.
- De miseria curialium (1485)
- Epistolæ in pontificatu editæ (1487)
- Aeneas Siluius in Europam (1490)
- Eneas siluius de remedio amoris Somniu fortune eiusdem (1490)
- Epistolae familiares (1492)
- Lystoire de Eurialus et Lucresse, vrays amoureux (1493)
- Commentarii rerum memorabilium quae temporibus suis contigerunt (1584)
- ↑ "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Pope Pius II," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-10-31.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Chisholm, Hugh (1911). Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. University Press. pp. 683–684.
- ↑ Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1840. pp. 197–198.
- ↑ Moseley, Nicholas. "Pius Aeneas," The Classical Journal, Vol. 20, No. 7 (Apr., 1925), pp. 387-400; retrieved 2011-10-31.
- ↑ Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 18, p. 198, citing Niccolò Machiavelli. (1532). Historie fiorentine (History of Florence and of the affairs of Italy: from the earliest times to the death of Lorenzo the Magnificent).
- ↑ WorldCat Identities,Catholic Church Pope (1458-1464: Pius II); Pius II Pope 1405-1464
- ↑ Note that Pius II and his nephew Pius III share the same coat-of-arms
Media related to Pius II at Wikimedia Commons
- . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Tomb of Pius II Archived 2008-11-21 at the Wayback Machine
- II Pie; Minuziano (1614). Pii secundi pontificis max. Commentarii rerum memorabilium, quae temporibus suis contigerunt, a R.D. Joanne Gobellino Vicario Bonnem. iamdiu compositi, & a R.P.D. Francisco Bandino Picolomineo archiepiscopo Senensi ex vetusto originali recogniti. Quibus fac editione accedunt Jacobi Picolominei,.. Rerum gestarum sui temporis, & ad Pii continuationem, commentarii luculentissimi : Ejusdemque Epistolae perelegantes, rerum reconditarum plenissima. in officina Aubriana.
- Catholic Hierarchy, Pope Pius II
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Piccolomini
- "The Piccolomini Library"