Pope Innocent XII
Pope Innocent XII (Latin: Innocentius Duodecimus; 13 March 1615 – 27 September 1700), born Antonio Pignatelli, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 243rd Pope from 1691 to 1700.
|Papacy began||12 July 1691|
|Papacy ended||27 September 1700|
|Predecessor||Pope Alexander VIII|
|Successor||Pope Clement XI|
|Birth name||Antonio Pignatelli|
|Born||March 13, 1615|
|Died||September 27, 1700 (aged 85)|
|Other popes named Innocent|
Pignatelli was born at Spinazzola in Puglia.
He was educated at the Jesuit college in Rome.
Pignatelli developed diplomatic experience when he was papal legate to Poland and to Austria.
He gained administrative experience when he was governor of Perugia.
Piganatelli was made Bishop of Faenza in 1681. Pope Innocent XI made him Archbishop of Naples in 1687.
Pope Innocent XI raised Pignatelli to the rank of Cardinal in 1682.
Cardinal Pignatelli was elected pope on 12 July 1691; and he chose to be called Innocent XII.
In 1692, Innocent XII issued the papal bull Romanum decet Pontificem which banned the curial office of the cardinal-nephew.
Pope Innocent was involved in Italian and European political disputes.
In the Papal States, Innocent invested in public works. For example, he caused the harbor of Porto d'Anzo to be constructed on the ruins of Antium. Also, he constructed the aqueduct of Civitavecchia.
After his deathEdit
The tomb of Innocent XII at St. Peter's Basilica was sculpted by Filippo della Valle.
- ↑ "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-12-2.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Pope Innocent XII", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-12-2.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. p. 583.
- ↑ The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1838. p. 481.
Media related to Innocentius XII at Wikimedia Commons
- . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Catholic Hierarchy, Pope Innocent XII
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Pignatellit Archived 2018-02-13 at the Wayback Machine