Pope Innocent XII

pope of the Catholic Church from 1691 to 1700

Pope Innocent XII (Latin: Innocentius Duodecimus; 13 March 1615 – 27 September 1700), born Antonio Pignatelli, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 243rd Pope from 1691 to 1700.[1]

Innocent XII
Papacy began12 July 1691
Papacy ended27 September 1700
PredecessorPope Alexander VIII
SuccessorPope Clement XI
Personal details
Birth nameAntonio Pignatelli
Born(1615-03-13)March 13, 1615
Spinazzola, Puglia
DiedSeptember 27, 1700(1700-09-27) (aged 85)
Other popes named Innocent

Early life


Pignatelli was born at Spinazzola in Puglia.[2]

He was educated at the Jesuit college in Rome.[2]

Pignatelli developed diplomatic experience when he was papal legate to Poland and to Austria.[3]

He gained administrative experience when he was governor of Perugia.[3]



Piganatelli was made Bishop of Faenza in 1681. Pope Innocent XI made him Archbishop of Naples in 1687.[2]



Pope Innocent XI raised Pignatelli to the rank of Cardinal in 1682.[2]

Cardinal Pignatelli was elected pope on 12 July 1691;[2] and he chose to be called Innocent XII.

In 1692, Innocent XII issued the papal bull Romanum decet Pontificem which banned the curial office of the cardinal-nephew.[2]

Pope Innocent was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2]

In the Papal States, Innocent invested in public works. For example, he caused the harbor of Porto d'Anzo to be constructed on the ruins of Antium. Also, he constructed the aqueduct of Civitavecchia.[4]

After his death


The tomb of Innocent XII at St. Peter's Basilica was sculpted by Filippo della Valle.



Coat of arms of Innocent XII
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-12-2.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Pope Innocent XII", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-12-2.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. p. 583.
  4. The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1838. p. 481.

Other websites


  Media related to Innocentius XII at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Alexander VIII
Succeeded by
Clement XI