Pope Pius X

pope of the Catholic Church from 1903 to 1914, saint

Pope Pius X (Latin: Pius PP. X; Italian: Pio X, 2 June 1835 – 20 August 1914), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 258th Pope from 1903 to 1914.[5] He is a saint of the Catholic Church,[6] well known as being strongly against members of the Catholic Church trying to make it follow modern ideas, a movement called modernism.[7]

Pius X
Bishop of Rome
Pius X in 1903
ChurchCatholic Church
DioceseDiocese of Rome
SeeHoly See
Papacy began4 August 1903
Papacy ended20 August 1914
PredecessorLeo XIII
SuccessorBenedict XV
Ordination18 September 1858
by Giovanni Antonio Farina
Consecration16 November 1884
by Lucido Maria Parocchi
Created cardinal12 June 1893
by Pope Leo XIII
Personal details
Birth nameGiuseppe Melchiorre Sarto
Born(1835-06-02)2 June 1835
Riese, Treviso, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire
Died20 August 1914(1914-08-20) (aged 79)
Apostolic Palace, Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Previous post
MottoInstaurare Omnia in Christo (Restore all things in Christ)[1]
SignaturePius X's signature
Coat of armsPius X's coat of arms
Feast day21 August
3 September (General Roman Calendar 1955–1969)
Venerated inCatholic Church
Beatified3 June 1951
Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
by Pius XII
Canonized29 May 1954
Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
by Pius XII
PatronageSociety of Saint Pius X[2]
Archdiocese of Atlanta, Georgia; Diocese of Des Moines, Iowa; First Communicants; Diocese of Great Falls-Billings, Montana; Archdiocese of Kottayam, India; Esperantists;[3] pilgrims; Santa Luċija, Malta; Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau, Missouri; Archdiocese of Zamboanga, Philippines; emigrants from Treviso; Patriarchy of Venice; Catechists;[4]
St. Pius X Seminary (Dubuque, Iowa)
Other popes named Pius
Ordination history of
Pope Pius X
Diaconal ordination
Date27 February 1858
Priestly ordination
Ordained byGiovanni Antonio Farina
Date18 September 1858
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorLucido Maria Parocchi
Co-consecratorsPietro Rota
Giovanni Maria Berengo
Date16 November 1884
Elevated byLeo XIII
Date13 June 1893
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Pope Pius X as principal consecrator
Francesco Cherubin20 August 1899
Giacomo Maria Radini-Tedeschi29 January 1905
Pierre Dadolle25 February 1906
Marie-Joseph Ollivier25 February 1906
Benedict XV22 December 1907
Adam Stefan Sapieha17 December 1911
Pie Armand Pierre Sabadel17 December 1911

Early life


Giuseppe Sarto was born in 1835 in Riese in the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. He studied at the University of Padua.[8]



Sarto was ordained as a priest on 18 September 1858.[6]



In 1884, Pope Leo XIII made Sarto the Bishop of Mantua.[8]



In 1893, Pope Leo XIII made Sarto a cardinal and the Patriarch of Venice.[6]

On 20 4 August 1903, Cardinal Sarto was elected pope; and he chose to be called Pius X.[8]

In 1951, he was beatified, which is a step in the process of naming a saint of the Catholic Church.

In 1954, he was canonized as a saint.



The Coat of Arms of Pius X
  1. "hSarto". Araldica vaticana. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
  2. "Why is St. Pius X the Society's patron?". 25 August 2014. Archived from the original on 7 July 2022. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  3. cs:Pius X. Czech Wikipedia
  4. "Pope joins faithful at altar of St. Pius X". Vatican Insider. 22 August 2015. Archived from the original on 28 September 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  5. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Pope Pius X," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  7. "Modernism | Roman Catholicism". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Flinn, Frank K. et al. (2007). "Pius X," in Encyclopedia of Catholicism, p. 519.

Other websites


  Media related to Pius X at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Succeeded by
Benedict XV