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Pope Pius XI

259th Pope of the Catholic Church

Pope Pius XI (Latin: Pius PP. XI; Italian: Pio XI, 31 May 1857–10 February 1939), born Achille Ratti, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 260th Pope from 1922 to 1939.[1]

Pope Pius XI
Papacy began6 February 1922
Papacy ended10 February 1939
PredecessorPope Benedict XV
SuccessorPope Pius XII
Personal details
Birth nameAchille Ratti
Born31 May 1857
Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire
Died10 February 1939
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
MottoRaptim Transit (It goes by swiftly)
Pax Christi in Regno Christi (The Peace of Christ in the Realm of Christ)
Other Popes named Pius

PriestEdit

Ratti was ordained as a priest in 1875.[2]

Father Ratti was a professor at the Padua Seminary from 1882 to 1888. He worked at Ambrosian Library of Milan from 1888 to 1911; and at the Vatican Library from 1911-1914.[2]

BishopEdit

In 1919, Pope Benedict XV made Ratti a Bishop of Lepanto.[3]

In 1921, Benedict named him Archbishop of Milan.[2]

CardinalEdit

In 1921, Ratti was made a cardinal.[4]

PopeEdit

Cardinal Ratti was elected pope on February 6, 1922; and he chose the name Pope Pius XI.[3]

Some of his decisions were controversial. He signed the Lateran Concordat with Italy in 1929; and he signed the Reichskoncordat with Germany in 1933.[5]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

 
The Coat of Arms of Pius XI
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Pope Pius XI", Embryo Project (2010); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Pontiff Spent His Life in Religion From His Boyhood Years," New York Times. February 10, 1939; retrieved 2011-11-9.
  4. Pius XI, a Diplomat and a Deep Student," New York Times. February 7, 1922; retrieved 2011-11-9.
  5. Flinn, Frank K. et al. (2007). "Pius XI," in Encyclopedia of Catholicism, p. 520.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Pius XI at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
Benedict XV
Pope
1922–1939
Succeeded by
Pius XII