Pope Pius XII

260th Pope of the Catholic Church

Pope Pius XII (Latin: Pius PP. XII; Italian: Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (March 2, 1876October 9, 1958), was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 261st Pope from 1939 to 1958.[1]

Venerable Pope

Pius XII
His Holiness Pope Pius XII.png
Papacy beganMarch 2, 1939
Papacy endedOctober 9, 1958
PredecessorPope Pius XI
SuccessorPope John XXIII
Personal details
Birth nameEugenio Maria Guiseppe Giovanni Pacelli
Born(1876-03-02)March 2, 1876
Rome, Italy
DiedOctober 9, 1958(1958-10-09) (aged 82)
Castel Gandolfo, Italy
MottoOpus Justitiae Pax (The work of justice shall be peace)
Other popes named Pius

Early lifeEdit

Pacelli was born on 2 March 1876 in Rome, Italy. He studied at the Capranica Seminary and the Pontifical Gregorian University. In 1895, he earned a degree in Theology.[2]

PriestEdit

Pacelli was ordained as a priest on 2 April 1899. In 1904, he was raised to the rank of Monsignor. He worked at the Office of the Congregation of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs.[2]

BishopEdit

In 1917, Pope Benedict XV appointed him an archbishop and nuncio to Bavaria, Germany.[2]

CardinalEdit

Pope Pius XI raised Pacelli to the rank of Cardinal in December 1929.[3]

In February 1930, Cardinal Pacelli became the Vatican Secretary of State.[3]

PopeEdit

Cardinal Pacelli was elected Pope on 2 March 1939,[2] which was his 63th birthday.

Pius XII wrote forty-one official papal letters (encylicals).

Pius XII named forty-two new cardinals.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

 
The Coat of Arms of Pius XII
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Pope Pius XII", Embryo Project (2010); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Cardinal Pacelli Papal Secretary," New York Times. February 11, 1930; retrieved 2011-11-9.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Pius XII at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Pius XI
Pope
1939–1958
Succeeded by
John XXIII