Portuguese Restoration War

1640-1688 war between Portugal and Spain

The Portuguese Restoration War (Portuguese: Guerra da Restauração) was the war between Portugal and Spain that began with the Portuguese revolution of 1640 and ended with the Treaty of Lisbon in 1668, bringing a formal end to the Iberian Union. The period from 1640 to 1668 was marked by periodic skirmishes between Portugal and Spain, as well as short episodes of more serious warfare, much of it occasioned by Spanish and Portuguese entanglements with non-Iberian powers. Spain was involved in the Thirty Years' War until 1648 and the Franco-Spanish War until 1659, while Portugal was involved in the Dutch–Portuguese War until 1663.

Portuguese Restoration War

The Acclamation of the King John IV, Veloso Salgado
Date1 December 1640 – 13 February 1668

Portuguese victory[2]

Portugal cedes Ceuta, Salvaterra de Miño and Hermisende to Spain
Kingdom of Portugal
 Kingdom of France[1]
 Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Spain
Commanders and leaders
Duke of Schomberg

In the seventeenth century and afterwards, this period of sporadic conflict was simply known, in Portugal and elsewhere, as the Acclamation War. The war established the House of Braganza as Portugal's new ruling dynasty, replacing the House of Habsburg who had been united with the Portuguese crown since the 1581 succession crisis.


  1. Treaty of alliance between France and Portugal concluded in Paris, June 1, 1641. Davenport, Frances Gardiner: European Treaties Bearing on the History of the United States and Its Dependencies to 1648. Clark, New Jersey: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2012. ISBN 9781584774228, pp. 324–328
  2. Anderson, James Maxwell. The history of Portugal Greenwood Press, 2000 ISBN 0-313-31106-4 p. 131
  3. Birmingham, David. A concise history of Portugal (2003) ISBN 978-0-521-53686-8 p.51