President of Portugal


The President of the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Presidente da República Portuguesa, pronounced: [pɾɨziˈðẽtɨ ðɐ ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɡezɐ]) is the executive head of state of Portugal.

President of the Portuguese Republic
Presidente da República Portuguesa
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa

since 9 March 2016 (2016-03-09)
StyleMr. President
His Excellency[1]
(formal, diplomatic)
Member ofCouncil of State
Council of Ministers
ResidenceBelém Palace
SeatLisbon, Portugal
AppointerDirect election;
Two-round system, universal suffrage
Term lengthFive years;
Renewable once, consecutively.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the
Third Republic
PrecursorKing of Portugal
Formation5 October 1910; 113 years ago (1910-10-05)
First holderManuel de Arriaga
Salary93,364.74 (2015)

The current President of Portugal is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, who took office on 9 March 2016.

Duties change

The President exercises the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and Grand Master of the Three Orders and shall appoint and remove, at the proposal of the Government, the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces and the Military Staff Heads of the three branches the Armed Forces.

The President appoints the Prime Minister, given the election results, and appoints the other members of the Government by proposal of the Prime Minister.

The President declares a state of siege and emergency upon consultation with the Government and with permission of the Parliament.

The President decides on referendums put forth to him by Parliament.

Terms change

Under the Portuguese Constitution adopted in 1976, in the wake of the 1974 Carnation Revolution, the President is elected to a five-year term; there is no limit to the number of terms a president may serve, but a president who serves two consecutive terms may not serve again in the next five years after the second term finishes or in the following five years after his resignation.

If the president dies or becomes incapacitated while in office, the President of the Assembly assumes the office with restricted powers until a new president can be inaugurated following fresh elections.

List change

Living former Presidents change

There are two living former Portuguese Presidents:

References change

  1. "United Nations Protocol and Liaison Service Public List: Heads of State - Heads of Government - Ministers For Foreign Affairs". Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  2. Miguel Santos (23 September 2015). "E agora um tema sensível: os políticos são mal pagos?". Observador (in Portuguese). Lisbon. Retrieved 12 October 2016. Todos os salários de detentores de cargos políticos são calculados em função do salário bruto do Presidente da República — 6 668 euros brutos (a que acresce 25% de despesas de representação).

Other websites change