President of Portugal
|President of the Portuguese Republic
Presidente da República Portuguesa
|Member of||Council of State|
Council of Ministers
Two-round system, universal suffrage
|Term length||Five years;|
Renewable once, consecutively.
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of the|
|Precursor||King of Portugal|
|Formation||5 October 1910|
|First holder||Manuel de Arriaga|
The current President of Portugal is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, who took office on 9 March 2016.
The President exercises the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and Grand Master of the Three Orders and shall appoint and remove, at the proposal of the Government, the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces and the Military Staff Heads of the three branches the Armed Forces.
The President appoints the Prime Minister, given the election results, and appoints the other members of the Government by proposal of the Prime Minister.
The President declares a state of siege and emergency upon consultation with the Government and with permission of the Parliament.
The President decides on referendums put forth to him by Parliament.
Under the Portuguese Constitution adopted in 1976, in the wake of the 1974 Carnation Revolution, the President is elected to a five-year term; there is no limit to the number of terms a president may serve, but a president who serves two consecutive terms may not serve again in the next five years after the second term finishes or in the following five years after his resignation.
If the president dies or becomes incapacitated while in office, the President of the Assembly assumes the office with restricted powers until a new president can be inaugurated following fresh elections.
Living former Presidents change
There are two living former Portuguese Presidents:
- "United Nations Protocol and Liaison Service Public List: Heads of State - Heads of Government - Ministers For Foreign Affairs". Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- Miguel Santos (23 September 2015). "E agora um tema sensível: os políticos são mal pagos?". Observador (in Portuguese). Lisbon. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
Todos os salários de detentores de cargos políticos são calculados em função do salário bruto do Presidente da República — 6 668 euros brutos (a que acresce 25% de despesas de representação).