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President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

head of state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (French: Président de la République démocratique du Congo, Swahili: Rais wa Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo, Lingala: Mokonzi wa Republíki ya Kongó Demokratíki), is the head of state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

President of the
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of the President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
Presidential Standard
Presidential Seal of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
Presidential Seal
Joseph kabila.jpg
Incumbent
Joseph Kabila

since 17 January 2001 - 18 January 2019
ResidencePalais de la Nation, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Term length5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holderJoseph Kasavubu
Formation1 July 1960

The constitutional mandate of the current president, Joseph Kabila, was due to expire on 20 December 2016 but was extended by him until the end of 2017.[1]

Article 72 of the Congolese constitution states that the President must be a natural-born citizen – or more accurately: French: citoyen d'origine – of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and at least 30 years of age. Additionally, the President must be free of any legal constraints on their civil and political rights.

Heads of state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1960–present)Edit

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Republic of the Congo (1960–1964)Edit

No. Name Lifespan Elected Took office Left office Political party
Presidents
1 Joseph Kasa-Vubu   1910–1969 1 July 1960 1 August 1964 ABAKO
Antoine Gizenga
(disputed)[a]
  1925–2019 31 March 1961 5 August 1961 Parti Solidaire Africain
(Gizenga faction)

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1964–1971)Edit

Presidents
(1) Joseph Kasa-Vubu   1910–1969 1 August 1964 24 November 1965[b] ABAKO
2 Joseph-Désiré Mobutu   1930–1997 1970 24 November 1965 27 October 1971 Military /
Popular Movement of the Revolution

Republic of Zaire (1971–1997)Edit

President
(2) Mobutu Sese Seko[c]   1930–1997 1977
1984
27 October 1971 16 May 1997[d] Popular Movement of the Revolution

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1997–present)Edit

Presidents
3 Laurent-Désiré Kabila   1939–2001 17 May 1997 16 January 2001
(assassinated)
Independent
4 Joseph Kabila   1971– 2006
2011
26 January 2001
Acting since 17 January 2001
24 January 2019 Independent /
People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy
5 Félix Tshisekedi   1963– 2018 24 January 2019 Incumbent Union for Democracy and Social Progress

TimelineEdit

Félix TshisekediJoseph KabilaLaurent-Désiré KabilaMobutu Sese SekoAntoine GizengaJoseph Kasa-Vubu 

NotesEdit

  1. Rebel government at Stanleyville, during the Congo Crisis.
  2. Deposed in the 1965 coup d'état.
  3. Previously named Joseph-Désiré Mobutu; changed name on 10 January 1972 due to the policy of Zairianisation.
  4. Deposed in the First Congo War.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "20 dead in Congo unrest as Kabila clings on to power". IOL. South Africa. Retrieved 3 March 2017.