President of the Soviet Union

Head of State of the Soviet Union between 1990 and 1991

The President of the Soviet Union, officially called President of the USSR or President of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics was the head of state of the Soviet Union from 15 March 1990 to 25 December 1991. Mikhail Gorbachev was only person to hold the office. Gorbachev was also General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union between March 1985 and August 1991. He was the first and last President of the Soviet Union.

President of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Президент Союза Советских Социалистических Республик
Coat of arms of the Soviet Union (1956–1991).svg
ResidenceKremlin Senate, Moscow[1]
AppointerDirect election,[2]
Congress of People's Deputies[3]
Formation15 March 1990 (1990-03-15)
First holderMikhail Gorbachev
Final holderMikhail Gorbachev
Abolished25 December 1991 (1991-12-25)


  1. O’Clery, Conor (2011). Moscow, December 25, 1991: The Last Day of the Soviet Union. New York: Public Affairs. p. 120. ISBN 9781610390125. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  2. 1977 Soviet Constitution with amendments of 1989—1990. Chapter 15.1: President of the Soviet Union Archived 2013-02-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Soviet Law from 14 March 1990 N 1360-I "On establishment of the Presidency of the Soviet Union and amendments and additions to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Soviet Union". Article III