|Estado Libre y Soberano de Querétaro|
|Largest City||Querétaro City|
|Admission||December 23, 1823|
|• Governor||Francisco Domínguez Servién|
|• Senators||Guillermo Tamborrel |
Ma. del Socorro García
|• Total||11,699 km2 (4,517 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||3,360 m (11,020 ft)|
|• Density||170/km2 (450/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||7th|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||MX-QUE|
|HDI||0.760 high Ranked 7th|
|GDP||US$ 21,754.53 mil[a]|
|Website||Official Web Site|
|^ a. The state's GDP was 402,829,000,000 pesos in 2015, amount corresponding to 21,754,536,726.59 dollars, being a dollar worth 18.49 pesos (value of October 5, 2017).|
The word Querétaro dates back to pre-Hispanic times. Some of the people who arrived in the area now occupied by the state gave it different names based on its geographic features. The Tarascans of Michoacán called the spot now known as La Cañada, Crettaro or Queréndaro, which means the place of the crags; they probably gave it this name because there is lots of pink stone there. The Otomíes called it Mxei, which means the place where the ballgame is played. It was also called Ndamaxei, which means the great ballcourt; the Aztecs named it Tlaxco, which has the same meaning. Finally, the Chichimecs called this spot Xico, which also means great ballcourt in their language; it received this name because the La Cañada area is shaped like an enormous pre-Hispanic ballcourt.
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