Querétaro

state of Mexico

Querétaro is a state of Mexico.

Querétaro
Estado Libre y Soberano de Querétaro
Flag of Querétaro
Flag
Official seal of Querétaro
Seal
State of Querétaro within Mexico
State of Querétaro within Mexico
Coordinates: 20°35′N 100°23′W / 20.583°N 100.383°W / 20.583; -100.383Coordinates: 20°35′N 100°23′W / 20.583°N 100.383°W / 20.583; -100.383
CountryMexico
CapitalQuerétaro City
Largest CityQuerétaro City
Municipalities18
AdmissionDecember 23, 1823[1]
Order11th
Government
 • GovernorFrancisco Domínguez Servién PAN
 • Senators[2]Guillermo Tamborrel PAN
Eduardo Nava PAN
Ma. del Socorro García PRI
 • Deputies[3]
Area
 • Total11,699 km2 (4,517 sq mi)
 Ranked 27th
Highest elevation3,360 m (11,020 ft)
Population
 (2015)[6]
 • Total2,038,372
 • Rank22nd
 • Density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
 • Density rank7th
Demonym(s)Queretano (a)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
76
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-QUE
HDIIncrease 0.760 high Ranked 7th
GDPUS$ 21,754.53 mil[a]
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP was 402,829,000,000 pesos in 2015,[7] amount corresponding to 21,754,536,726.59 dollars, being a dollar worth 18.49 pesos (value of October 5, 2017).[8]

The word Querétaro dates back to pre-Hispanic times. Some of the people who arrived in the area now occupied by the state gave it different names based on its geographic features. The Tarascans of Michoacán called the spot now known as La Cañada, Crettaro or Queréndaro, which means the place of the crags; they probably gave it this name because there is lots of pink stone there. The Otomíes called it Mxei, which means the place where the ballgame is played. It was also called Ndamaxei, which means the great ballcourt; the Aztecs named it Tlaxco, which has the same meaning. Finally, the Chichimecs called this spot Xico, which also means great ballcourt in their language; it received this name because the La Cañada area is shaped like an enormous pre-Hispanic ballcourt.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 15. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2011-06-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. "Senadores por Queretaro LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Archived from the original on June 30, 2017. Retrieved April 5, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Queretaro". Camara de Diputados. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Archived from the original on June 7, 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Archived from the original on November 17, 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 10, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. "Queretaro". 2017. Archived from the original on October 6, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. "XE Currency Charts: USD to MXN". Archived from the original on July 15, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)