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Rakesh Sharma

First Indian astronaut

Rakesh Sharma (born 13 January 1949) is a retired Squadron Leader in the Indian Air Force. He was the first Indian and 138th person to travel in space.


Rakesh Sharma

Rakesh sharma.jpg
Born (1949-01-13) 13 January 1949 (age 70)
Patiala, Punjab, India
StatusActive
NationalityIndian
OccupationTest pilot at the Indian Air Force
AwardsAshoka Chakra ribbon.svg Ashok Chakra
Hero of the USSR Gold Star.pngHero of the Soviet Union
Space career
Time in space
7d 21h 40m
Selection1982
MissionsSoyuz T-11 / Soyuz T-10
Mission insignia
Soyuz T-11 mission patch.gif
Military career
Allegiance India
Service/branch Indian Air Force
RankWing Commander of IAF.png Wing Commander

Sharma retired from the Air force as Wing Commander. He spent eight days in Salyut 7 Space station in April 1984. He was given the Hero of Soviet Union by the Soviet Government and the Ashok Chakra by the Indian Government.

CareerEdit

Sharma joined as a test pilot in the Indian Air Force in 1970. He flew various aircraft, for example Mikoyan-Gurevich (MiG) aircraft in 1971.[1] He was selected on 20 September in 1982 to become a cosmonaut and go into space as part of a joint program between the Indian Space Research Organisation and the Soviet Intercosmos space program.[2]

In 1984, he became the first Indian to fly to space, when he flew aboard the Soyuz T-11. It took off from Baikonur Cosmodrome in 2 April 1984. The Soyuz T-11 reached the Salyut 7 space station, with the ship's commander, Yury Malyshev, and flight engineer, Gennadi Strekalov. Sharma spent 7 days, 21 hours and 40 minutes in the Salyut 7.[2] The crew held a television news conference with officials in Moscow and then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. When Gandhi asked Sharma how India looked from outer space, he replied, "Sare Jahan Se Accha" (the best in the world). This is the title of a patriotic poem by Muhammad Iqbal against the British Raj. India became the 14th nation to send a man to outer space.[2]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Rakesh Sharma". aerospaceguide.net. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Srinivasan, Pankaja (2010-04-04). "The down to earth Rakesh Sharma". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-04-05.

Other websitesEdit