Russian America

Russian possessions in North America in the 19th century until 1867

Russian America (Russian: Русская Америка, romanized: Russkaya Amerika), was a colonial possession of the Russian Empire in North America between 1799 and 1867, in the current State of Alaska, also included some fortifications, such as Fort Ross in California and four other forts (including Russian Fort Elizabeth) located in Hawaii, its capital would be Novo-Arkhangelsk (current Sitka), this colony would be monopolized by the Russian-American Company and the arrival of the Russian Orthodox Church.[1]

Russian America
Русская Америка
Russkaya Amerika
Colony of the Russian Empire
1799–1867
1860-russian-america.jpg
Russian America in 1860
CapitalKodiak (1799–1804)
Novo-Arkhangelsk
History
Government
Governor 
• 1799–1818 (first)
Alexander Andreyevich Baranov
• 1863–1867 (last)
Dmitry Petrovich Maksutov
History 
8 July 1799
18 October 1867
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Alaska Natives
Department of Alaska
Today part ofUnited States
a. ^ The Russian-American Company was chartered by the Emperor Alexander I in 1799, to govern Russian possessions in North America on behalf of the Russian Empire.

This territory prospered due to the fur trade even though it would decline due to logistical difficulties and many settlements would be abandoned in the 1860s, it was finally sold to the United States in 1867 for $7.2 Millions ($120 Millions today)[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Campbell, Robert (2007). In Darkest Alaska: Travel and Empire Along the Inside Passage. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8122-4021-4.
  2. Black, Lydia T. (2004). Russians in Alaska, 1732–1867. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press.
  • Grinëv, Andrei V. "Natives and Creoles of Alaska in the maritime service in Russian America." The Historian 82.3 (2020): 328-345.
  • Essig, Edward Oliver. Fort Ross: California Outpost of Russian Alaska, 1812–1841 (Kingston, Ont.: Limestone Press, 1991.)
  • Gibson, James R. "Old Russia in the New World: adversaries and adversities in Russian America." in European Settlement and Development in North America (University of Toronto Press, 2019) pp. 46-65.
  • Gibson, James R. Imperial Russia in frontier America: the changing geography of supply of Russian America, 1784–1867 (Oxford University Press, 1976)
  • Vinkovetsky, Ilya. Russian America: an overseas colony of a continental empire, 1804–1867 (Oxford University Press, 2011)