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Sagrada Família

cultural property in Barcelona, Spain

The Sagrada Familia (full name Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família) is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It was designe\ architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926).

Sagrada Familia
Basílica i Temple Expiatori
de la Sagrada Família

Basílica y Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia
Basilica and Expiatory Church
of the Holy Family
Exterior Sagrada Família2.jpg
The Passion Façade (Western side) in July 2018
Religion
AffiliationRoman Catholic
DistrictBarcelona
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusMinor basilica
LeadershipHis Eminence Juan Josep Cardinal Omella, Archbishop of Barcelona
Year consecrated7 November 2010
StatusActive/incomplete
Location
LocationBarcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Geographic coordinates41°24′13″N 2°10′28″E / 41.40361°N 2.17444°E / 41.40361; 2.17444Coordinates: 41°24′13″N 2°10′28″E / 41.40361°N 2.17444°E / 41.40361; 2.17444
Architecture
Architect(s)Antoni Gaudí
Architectural styleModernisme
General contractorConstruction Board of La Sagrada Família Foundation[1]
Groundbreaking1882; 137 years ago (1882)
Completedstructural work 2026[2] (2017 estimate)
decorations 2032[3]
Specifications
Direction of façadeSoutheast
Capacity9,000
Length90 m (300 ft)
Width60 m (200 ft)
Width (nave)45 m (150 ft)
Spire(s)18 (8 already built)
Spire height170 m (560 ft) (planned)
Official name: Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia
TypeMonumentBasilica
24 July 1969
(R.I.)-51-0003813-00000[4]
Website
lasagradafamiliatickets.com
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Part ofWorks of Antoni Gaudí
CriteriaCultural: i, ii, iv
Reference320-005
Inscription2005 (29th Session)

Although not finished, the church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[5] In November 2010 it was consecrated (dedicated to a special purpose) and made a minor basilica by Pope Benedict XVI.[6][7][8]

Building of the Sagrada Família began in 1882. Gaudí started working on it in 1883.[5] He took over the project, and changed it with his ideas on architecture and engineering.

Gaudí worked on it until he died. At the time of his death in 1926, less than a quarter of the building was finished.[9] The Sagrada Família's building was slow. It needed private donations (people giving money to it). It was stopped by the Spanish Civil War—only to start again in the 1950s. Building was more than halfway done after 2010. Some of the project's biggest problems still remain.[9] There is an expected finish date of 2026–100 years after Gaudí's death.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Fundació junta constructora del Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família Fundacions.cat
  2. https://blog.sagradafamilia.org/en/divulgation/what-are-the-main-milestones-for-the-sagrada-familia-in-the-future/
  3. https://www.fastcompany.com/3052694/100-years-after-breaking-ground-gaudis-la-sagrada-familia-enters-final-stage
  4. "Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia". Patrimonio Historico – Base de datos de bienes inmuebles (in Spanish). Ministerio de Cultura. Retrieved 9 January 2011.[dead link]
  5. 5.0 5.1 Works of Antoni Gaudi, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, accessed 14-11-2010
  6. Drummer, Alexander (23 July 2010). "Pontiff to Proclaim Gaudí's Church a Basilica". ZENIT. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  7. "The Pope Consecrates The Church Of The Sagrada Familia". Vatican City: Vatican Information Service. 7 November 2010. Archived from the original on 11 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  8. Delaney, Sarah (4 March 2010). "Pope to visit Santiago de Compostela, Barcelona in November". Catholic News Service. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Minder, Raphael (3 November 2010). "Polishing Gaudi's Unfinished Jewel". The New York Times.

Further readingEdit

  • Zerbst, Rainer (1988). Antoni Gaudi- A Life Devoted to Architecture. trans. from German by Doris Jones and Jeremy Gaines. Hamburg, Germany: Taschen. ISBN 978-3-8228-0074-4.
  • Nonell, Juan Bassegoda (2004). Antonio Gaudi: Master Architect. New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 978-0-7892-0220-8.
  • Crippa, Maria Antonietta (2003). Peter Gossel (ed.). Antoni Gaudi, 1852–1926: From Nature to Architecture. trans. Jeremy Carden. Hamburg, Germany: Taschen. ISBN 978-3-8228-2518-1.
  • Schneider, Rolf (2004). Manfred Leier (ed.). 100 most beautiful cathedrals of the world: A journey through five continents. trans. from German by Susan Ghanouni and Rae Walter. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-7858-1888-5.

Other websitesEdit