Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia, which is a region of Spain. Barcelona is the largest city on the Mediterranean coast. The city is between the rivers of Llobregat and Besòs, and south of the Pyrenees mountains. It has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Koeppen climate classification).
|• Body||Ajuntament de Barcelona|
|• Mayor||Ada Colau Ballano (Barcelona en Comú)|
|• City||101.4 km2 (39.2 sq mi)|
|12 m (39 ft)|
|• Density||16,000/km2 (41,000/sq mi)|
|Demonyms||Barcelonan, Barcelonian |
barceloní, -ina (Catalan)
barcelonés, -esa (Spanish)
|Area code||+34 (E) 93 (B)|
|INE code||08 0193|
|City budget (2014)||€2.6 billion|
|Official language||Catalan and Spanish|
|Main festivity||La Mercè|
|Patron saint||Eulalia of Barcelona|
In 2007, about 1.6 million people lived in Barcelona. Around 3.1 million people live in the Metropolitan Area and 4.9 million people live in the Urban Region. Barcelona is the second most populated city in Spain, and the tenth in the European Union.
Barcelona is home to football team F.C. Barcelona.
The origin of Barcelona is unclear. The ruins of an early settlement have been found dating to earlier than 5000 BC.
During the Roman Empire, Barcelona was a colony of the Western Roman Empire called Barcino (full name was Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino). A clear example of the Roman heritage in Barcelona is the preserved Barri Gòtic (Gothic Quarter) in the center of city.
In the Middle Age (5th century), Barcelona was conquered by the Visigoths. King Athaulf moved his capital here for a short time. In 511, a battle between the Ostrogoths and Visigoths took place near the city in which the Ostrogoths won.
In 8 century, Barcelona was conquered by the Moors.
Barcelona's culture roots go back 2000 years.
The street called La Rambla is a place for street performances such as mime performances. The Sonar Festival and Primavera Sound Festival are two major pop music festivals that take place yearly there.
El Periódico de Catalunya, La Vanguardia and Ara are three major newspapers of Barcelona.
Many popular films were also shot in Barcelona. The examples are Todo sobre mi madre (1999) by Pedro Almodóvar, REC (2007), Salvador (2006), Vicky Christina Barcelona (2008), Biutiful (2010), Tres metros sobre el cielo. Tengo ganas de ti (2012).
Barcelona was for a long time an industrial city. Currently, factories have been moved to the periphery, a fact that has allowed us to transform the former industrial neighbourhoods in the residential areas, from research to products with high added value and services. The most representative industrial sectors of Barcelona are the textile industry, chemical, pharmaceutical, automotive, electronics, medical Industry and printing. Services Barcelona stands out for its logistics activities, publishing and computer.
Barcelona is one of the main railway hubs in Spain. The main railway station is Sants Estació.
Barcelona has also a metered taxi fleet.
Barcelona is a very sports city. It hosted the highly successful 1992 Summer Olympics.
FC Barcelona is a sport club, one of the largest and the second richest in the world.
Barcelona is one of the most important tourist destinations in Europe, with millions of people visiting every year. The city is famous for its 19th century modernist architecture. The best known of those buildings was designed by Antoni Gaudi. It is the unfinished church Sagrada Familia, which is the symbol of Barcelona.
- 1987 - Hipercor bombing
- 1992 - 1992 Summer Olympics
- 2004 - Universal Forum of Cultures
- 2017 - 2017 Barcelona attack
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barcelona.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide about: Barcelona|
Barcelona has a very good higher education. The most prominent university is the University of Barcelona which has a long history.
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Barcelona has sister relationships with many places worldwide:
- Glasgow, Scotland
- Antwerp, Belgium
- Boston, Massachusetts, USA
- Busan, South Korea
- Monzón, Spain
- Cologne, Germany
- Dublin, Ireland
- Gaza, Palestinian territories
- Gdańsk, Poland
- Istanbul, Turkey
- Kobe, Japan
- Montevideo, Uruguay
- Montpellier, France
- Perpignan, France
- Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- São Paulo, Brazil
- Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina
- Tel Aviv, Israel
- "Ajuntament de Barcelona". Generalitat of Catalonia. Archived from the original on 4 January 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
- "El municipi en xifres: Barcelona". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- Demographia: World Urban Areas Archived 3 May 2018 at the Wayback Machine – Demographia, April 2018
- Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
- Trias aprueba definitivamente el presupuesto de Barcelona para 2014 Archived 14 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine, La Vanguardia.
- Servei d'Arqueologia of Institut de Cultura de Barcelona. "Caserna de Sant Pau del Camp". CartaArqueologica (in Spanish). Ajuntament de Barcelona. p. Description and Historical Notes.
- Arévalo, Raúl González (2019). "La esclavitud en la España Medieval. (siglos XIV-XV). Generalidades y rasgos diferenciales". Millars. Espai i Història (in Spanish): 11–37. ISSN 1132-9823.
- "Places to Visit in Barcelona". ArrestedWorld. 10 November 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2020.